Para una crítica de la violencia en psicoanálisis: de la violencia originaria de la ley a su tramitación trágica

Trans/Form/Ação 42 (1):101-122 (2019)

Authors
Jose Sanchez
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Abstract
Resumen Para Freud la relación entre violencia y ley parece indisociable, en tanto la instauración de esta última depende de una violencia inaugural, la que en lugar de quedar limitada a este momento inicial continúa activa a través de los propios mecanismos psíquicos que encarnan la función de la ley, de manera tal que la ley se encuentra coludida permanentemente con la misma violencia que intenta regular. Pensamos que este dilema es equivalente al delimitado por Benjamin en Para una crítica de la violencia, ensayo en el que este propone, por medio de la figura de la violencia divina o pura, una vía para interrumpir el papel fundante y conservador de la ley que le cabría a la violencia mítica. Se propone que la interpretación de Lacan sobre el acto de Antígona como trasgresión de la Átē, resulta afín a la idea de Benjamin sobre la superación del compromiso entre violencia mítica y ley que adjudica al acontecimiento de la violencia pura, replicando una crítica a la violencia, esta vez dentro de los márgenes teóricos del psicoanálisis. En ambos casos resulta posible situar un más allá del compromiso entre violencia y ley, el cual permite pensar una refundación de los límites simbólicos que dan soporte a la vida en comunidad.For Freud, the relationship between violence and law seems inseparable, in that the establishment of the law depends on an inaugural violence. However, instead of being limited to this initial moment, this inaugural violence continues active through the psychic mechanisms which embody the function of the law, so that the law is constantly in collusion with the same violence that it tries to regulate. We think that this dilemma is equivalent to that defined by Benjamin in his Critique of Violence, an essay in which he proposes, through the figure of divine or pure violence, a way to interrupt the founding and conservative role of law attributed to mythical violence. It is proposed that Lacan’s interpretation of the act of Antigone as a transgression of Átē is akin to Benjamin’s idea of overcoming the compromise between mythic violence and the law that adjudicates the occurrence of pure violence. Lacan thus provides a critique of violence, this time within the theoretical margins of psychoanalysis. In both cases it is possible consider something beyond the compromise between violence and law, allowing one to think of a refoundation of the symbolic limits that support the law and regulate the bonds of community life.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1590/0101-3173.2019.v42n1.06.p101
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 42,433
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Concept of Law.H. L. A. HART - 1961 - Philosophical Quarterly 13 (51):188-190.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Interculturalidade e Religião: Para Além da Violência.João Duque - 2011 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 67 (4):695 - 709.
A razão entre a violência e a emancipação: um enfoque habermasiano.Gilvan Luiz Hansen - 2007 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 52 (1):79-93.
Filosofía y violencia en Jorge Millas.Maximiliano Figueroa - 2011 - Revista de Filosofía 67:145-165.
Filosofía Y violencia en Jorge millas.Maximiliano Figueroa - 2011 - Revista de filosofía (Chile) 67:145-165.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2019-04-12

Total views
9 ( #755,428 of 2,255,388 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
9 ( #151,837 of 2,255,388 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature