Faith and Philosophy 22 (5):641 - 653 (2005)
Theism is a far simpler hypothesis, and so a priori more probably true, than naturalism, understood as the hypothesis that the existence of this law-governed universe has no explanation. Theism postulates only one entity (God) with very simple properties, whereas naturalism has to postulate either innumerable entities all having the same properties, or one very complicated entity with the power to produce the former. If theism is true, it is moderately probable that God would create humanoid beings and so humanoid bodies; but laws of nature would have to have very special properties if they are to bring about the existence of humanoid bodies. Given laws of the present form, the constants of the laws and variables of the boundary conditions of the universe would need to be extremely fine-tuned. So the evidence of the existence of humanoid bodies adds further to the probability of theism as against naturalism. (edited)
|Keywords||Contemporary Philosophy Philosophy and Religion|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
The Argument to God From Fine-Tuning Reassessed.Richard Swinburne - 2003 - In Neil A. Manson (ed.), God and Design: The Teleological Argument and Modern Science. Routledge. pp. 80--105.
Explaining the Fine Tuning of the Universe to Us and the Fine Tuning of Us to the Universe.T. J. Mawson - 2009 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 68 (68):25-50.
God, Fine-Tuning, and the Problem of Old Evidence.Bradley Monton - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):405-424.
Theodore Drange on the Fine-Tuning Argument: A Critique.Stephen E. Parrish - 1999 - Philosophia Christi 1 (2):73 - 87.
Prior Probabilities and Confirmation Theory: A Problem with the Fine-Tuning Argument. [REVIEW]Kenneth Einar Himma - 2002 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 51 (3):175-194.
Fine Tuning and the Varieties of Naturalism.Gregory E. Ganssle - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (1):59-71.
What Fine-Tuning's Got to Do with It: A Reply to Weisberg.R. White - 2011 - Analysis 71 (4):676-679.
Design and the Anthropic Fine-Tuning of the Universe.William Lane Craig - 2003 - In Neil A. Manson (ed.), God and Design: The Teleological Argument and Modern Science. Routledge.
Added to index2011-01-09
Total downloads283 ( #11,014 of 2,163,683 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #188,897 of 2,163,683 )
How can I increase my downloads?