Con-Textos Kantianos 9:154-177 (2019)

In this essay, I discuss Kant’s views on the “American race.” Robert Bernasconi has pointed out that more research on the sources of Kant’s ideas on non-white races is needed in order to have a better understanding of his racism. This essay responds to that call in order to show how Kant contributed to on-going discussions on the causes and meaning of human differences. However, I will also focus on his influence on his contemporaries. The reason for doing so is two-fold. Firstly, I will question Irene Tucker’s recent attempt to show that skin color was considered a racial sign because of its supposed self-evidence and immediate legibility. By way of a presentation of Kant’s views on the “American race,” I will show that race mixing formed the core of Kant’s racial theory and not the alleged immediacy of racial sight. Secondly, I will focus on his influence in order to question the popular idea that Kant had in his late work developed second thoughts on his racial hierarchy. His appraisal of the work of one of his contemporaries clearly shows that the matter is far more complicated than suggested in these interpretations of Kant’s racial work.
Keywords Immanuel Kant  Native Americans  race  racism  skin color
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.5281/zenodo.3252913
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 56,016
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Kantian Ethics.Allen W. Wood - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
Anthropology From a Pragmatic Point of View (1798).Immanuel Kant - 2007 - In Problemos. Cambridge University Press. pp. 177-198.

View all 15 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Immanuel Kant on Racial Identity.Joris van Gorkom - 2008 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 15 (1):1-10.
Kant's Second Thoughts on Race.Pauline Kleingeld - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (229):573–592.
Kant’s Racism.Lucy Allais - 2016 - Philosophical Papers 45 (1-2):1-36.
Towards a Lived Understanding of Race and Sex.Emily S. Lee - 2005 - Philosophy Today 49 (SPEP Supplement):82-88.
Reparations and the Rectification of Race.Naomi Zack - 2003 - The Journal of Ethics 7 (1):139 - 151.
Of President Barack H. Obama and Others: Public Policy, Race-Talk, and Pragmatism.Bill E. Lawson - 2011 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 3 (2):113-131.
When Do People Not Protest Unfairness? The Case of Skin Color Discrimination.Jennifer Hochschild - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (2):473-498.
Metaphors of Race: Theoretical Presuppositions Behind Racism.Stephen T. Asma - 1995 - American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (1):13 - 29.


Added to PP index

Total views
12 ( #750,717 of 2,403,692 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #360,211 of 2,403,692 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes