Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (4):616-630 (2009)

Modern aesthetics in its early phase was “consciousness aesthetics” which upheld spirit but obviated body, hence offered demonstration for the priority of refined art as well as elite culture. In its later period, modern aesthetics converted into “somaesthetics” which, at the same time when it affirmed the identity of consciousness and body, laid particular stress on body, hence offered basis for the reasonableness of popular art as well as mass culture. Thus consciousness aesthetics and somaesthetics have their respective reasonableness and limitation. We should transcend the opposition between them, acknowledging the spirit aspect of aesthetics as well as the body aspect of it and affirming the dominant position of spirit, so as to establish a modern aesthetics characterized by body-mind integration.
Keywords modern aesthetics  consciousness aesthetics  somaesthetics  mass culture  elite culture  现代美学  意识美学  身体美学  大众文化  精英文化
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DOI 10.1007/s11466-009-0041-2
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Thus Spake Zarathustra.Friedrich Nietzsche - 1911 - Dover Publications.
Postmodernism, or, the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism.Richard Shusterman - 1992 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 50 (3):254-257.

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