The notion of ‘Gestalt’ plays a prominent role in Ludwik Fleck’s theory of thought styles. This paper scrutinizes how Fleck adopted the concepts and even methods of Gestalt psychology that he sometimes vaguely refers to. Systematically comparing the argumentation and theoretical outlines of Fleck’s social theory of perception and the principles of some Gestalt theories, this article will show and discuss their similarities and fundamental differences. According to Fleck, both science and individual perception rest on social actions and cultural traditions. In particular, Fleck emphasized the relevance of the common language and collective meanings for the shaping of objects according to the thought style of a scientific collective. In contrast to the principles of Gestalt theories, in Fleck’s view not only the perception, but also the constitution of scientific objects and even the ‘laws’ of perception depend on social and cultural constructions of reality. That leads him to a particular theory of Gestalt perception.
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DOI 10.1007/s00048-013-0106-0
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References found in this work BETA

Visuel wahrgenommene Figuren.Edgar Rubin - 1923 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 96:145-147.
Gestalt Theory: An Essay in Philosophy.Barry Smith - 1988 - In Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Vienna: Philosophia Verlag. pp. 11-81.
Ludwik Fleck and the Concept of Style in the Natural Sciences.Claus Zittel - 2012 - Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):53-79.

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Citations of this work BETA

Scientific Images as Circulating Ideas: An Application of Ludwik Fleck’s Theory of Thought Styles.Nicola Mößner - 2016 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (2):307-329.
“Pani Z Pieskiem” (“Lady with Pooch”): Ludwik Fleck’s Uses of Images in His Epistemological Works.Kamola Jadwiga - 2016 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 1:79.

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