David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Inquiry 16 (1-4):367 – 394 (1973)
This article attempts a new interpretation of Lao Tzu's metaphysics of Tao by employing a combined method of linguistic and philosophical analyses. This new methodological approach involves the following basic assumptions: (1) Lao Tzu's metaphysics of Tao can be characterized as a kind of non?dualistic and non?conceptual metaphysics sub specie aeternitatis; (2) Tao is not an entity, substance, God, Idee, or anything hypostatized or conceptualized, but is rather a metaphysical symbol unifying various dimensions of Nature as the totality of things?as?they?are; (3) there is, generally speaking, no confusion or inconsistency of thought involved in the Lao?Tzu; (4) there are two kinds of speech used by Lao Tzu, viz. philosophical (real) speech and figurative (metaphorical) speech; and (5) figurative expressions, which predominate, can be reduced to philosophical expressions for the sake of the clarification of Lao Tzu's thought. In the light of these basic assumptions, a philosophical explication of Lao Tzu's conception of Tao is undertaken by exploring its six dimensions. They are: (i) Tao as Reality, (ii) Tao as Origin, (iii) Tao as Principle, (iv) Tao as Function, (v) Tao as Virtue, and (vi) Tao as Technique; and (ii)?(vi) can be subsumed under Tao as Manifestation (to us). These six dimensions are not ?categories? or ?attributes? in the Western (conceptual) sense, but are the inseparable aspects or perspectives of Tao reconstructed from the Lao?Tzu in order to show the best possible way of understanding Lao Tzu's metaphysical thinking. In the Epilogue, a brief comparison of Lao Tzu and Spinoza is made in order to emphasize the non?conceptual and non?propositional nature of Lao Tzu's metaphysical language
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Laozi, Zhuangzi, Sengcan & Gerald Schoenewolf (eds.) (2000). The Way: According to Lao Tzu, Chuang Tzu, and Seng Tsan. Jain Pub..
Giancarlo Finazzo (1968). The Notion of Tao in Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu. Mei Ya Publications.
Peter Roberts (2012). Bridging East and West-Or, a Bridge Too Far? Paulo Freire and theTao Te Ching. Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (9):942-958.
Jonathan R. Herman (2000). Lao-Tzu and the Tao-Te-Ching (Review). Philosophy East and West 50 (4):625-627.
Eva Wong (ed.) (1999). The Pocket Tao Reader. Distributed in the U.S. By Random House.
Paul C. L. Tang & Robert David Schivartz (1988). The Limits of Language: Wittcenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus and Lao Tzu's Tao Te Ching. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 15 (1):9-33.
S. K. Wertz (2007). The Five Flavors and Taoism: Lao Tzu's Verse Twelve. Asian Philosophy 17 (3):251 – 261.
Ellen M. Chen (2005). How Taoist Is Heidegger? International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (1):5-19.
Added to index2009-02-04
Total downloads19 ( #94,063 of 1,101,814 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #41,591 of 1,101,814 )
How can I increase my downloads?