Husserl's arguments against logical psychologism (prolegomena, §§ 17–61)

In Verena Mayer (ed.), Edmund Husserl: Logische Untersuchungen. 27-42 (2008)
Abstract
According to Edmund Husserl in the Prolegomena to Pure Logic,<span class='Hi'></span> which constitutes the preliminary rational foundation for <span class='Hi'></span>– and also the entire first volume of <span class='Hi'></span>– his Logical Investigations,<span class='Hi'></span> pure logic is the a priori theoretical,<span class='Hi'></span> nomological science of <span class='Hi'></span>„demonstration“<span class='Hi'></span> (LI 1,<span class='Hi'></span> 57;<span class='Hi'></span> Hua XVIII,<span class='Hi'></span> 23)<span class='Hi'></span>.1 For him,<span class='Hi'></span> demonstration includes both consequence and provability.<span class='Hi'></span> Consequence is the defining property of all and only formally valid arguments,<span class='Hi'></span> i.<span class='Hi'></span> e.<span class='Hi'></span>, arguments that cannot lead from true premises to false conclusions.<span class='Hi'></span> And provability <span class='Hi'></span>(a.<span class='Hi'></span> k.<span class='Hi'></span> a.<span class='Hi'></span> „completeness“<span class='Hi'></span>) is the property of a logical system such that,<span class='Hi'></span> for every truth of logic in that system,<span class='Hi'></span> there is,<span class='Hi'></span> at least in principle,<span class='Hi'></span> a rigorous step-by-step logically valid procedure demonstrating its validity according to strictly universal,<span class='Hi'></span> ideal,<span class='Hi'></span> and necessary logical laws.<span class='Hi'></span> In this way,<span class='Hi'></span> the laws of pure logic completely determine its internal structure.<span class='Hi'></span> Moreover,<span class='Hi'></span> these laws and these proofs are all knowable a priori,<span class='Hi'></span> with selfevident insight <span class='Hi'></span>(LI 1,<span class='Hi'></span> 196;<span class='Hi'></span> Hua XVIII,<span class='Hi'></span> 185–195)<span class='Hi'></span>. So not only is pure logic independent of any other theoretical science,<span class='Hi'></span> in that it requires no other science in order to ground its core notion of demonstration,<span class='Hi'></span> it also provides both epistemic and semantic foundations for every other theoretical science,<span class='Hi'></span> as well as every practical discipline or <span class='Hi'></span>„technology.<span class='Hi'></span>“ To the extent that pure logic is the foundation of every other.<span class='Hi'></span>.
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