Graduate studies at Western
Nursing Philosophy 6 (2):83-97 (2005)
|Abstract||The idea of narrative has been widely discussed in the recent health care literature, including nursing, and has been portrayed as a resource for both clinical work and research studies. However, the use of the term 'narrative' is inconsistent, and various assumptions are made about the nature (and functions) of narrative: narrative as a naive account of events; narrative as the source of 'subjective truth'; narrative as intrinsically fictional; and narrative as a mode of explanation. All these assumptions have left their mark on the nursing literature, and all of them (in our view) are misconceived. Here, we argue that a failure to distinguish between 'narrative' and 'story' is partly responsible for these misconceptions, and we offer an analysis that shows why the distinction between them is essential. In doing so, we borrow the concept of 'narrativity' from literary criticism. Narrativity is something that a text has degrees of, and our proposal is that the elements of narrativity can be 'sorted' roughly into a continuum, at the 'high narrativity' end of which we find 'story'. On our account, 'story' is an interweaving of plot and character, whose organization is designed to elicit a certain emotional response from the reader, while 'narrative' refers to the sequence of events and the (claimed) causal connections between them. We suggest that it is important not to confuse the emotional persuasiveness of the 'story' with the objective accuracy of the 'narrative', and to this end we recommend what might be called 'narrative vigilance'. There is nothing intrinsically authentic, or sacrosanct, or emancipatory, or paradigmatic about narrative itself, even though the recent health care literature has had a marked tendency to romanticize it|
|Keywords||story subjective objective narrative patient explanation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Kirstine Munk (2010). Baby in a Bowl and Other Stories : Socialization in Astrological Narrative. In Armin W. Geertz & Jeppe Sinding Jensen (eds.), Religious Narrative, Cognition, and Culture: Image and Word in the Mind of Narrative. Equinox Pub. Ltd..
David Boje & Jo A. Tyler (2009). Story and Narrative Noticing: Workaholism Autoethnographies. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 84 (2):173 - 194.
David M. Boje (2010). Resituating Narrative and Story in Business Ethics. Business Ethics 19 (3):253-264.
Gregory Currie (2007). Both Sides of the Story: Explaining Events in a Narrative. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 135 (1):49 - 63.
William E. Smythe & Maureen J. Murray (2000). Owning the Story: Ethical Considerations in Narrative Research. Ethics and Behavior 10 (4):311 – 336.
Byron Almén (2008). A Theory of Musical Narrative. Indiana University Press.
Peter Lamarque (2004). On Not Expecting Too Much From Narrative. Mind and Language 19 (4):393–408.
Annie Parsons & Claire Hooker (2010). Dignity and Narrative Medicine. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (4):345-351.
John Paley ma & bsc Gail Eva msc (2005). Narrative Vigilance: The Analysis of Stories in Health Care. Nursing Philosophy 6 (2):83–97.
Added to index2010-08-10
Total downloads10 ( #114,432 of 739,352 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,538 of 739,352 )
How can I increase my downloads?