David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy of Science 58 (3):417-435 (1991)
A correct analysis of hierarchical selection processes must specify 1) the objects that succeed differentially as units, and 2) the properties that provide the causal bases for differential success. Here I illustrate how failing to recognize the units/bases distinction creates a contradiction in Elliott Sober's recent account of selection. A revised criterion for units of selection is developed and applied to examples at several biological levels. Criteria for bases of selection are discussed in terms of the degree of context-dependence and directness of a property's effect on the success of units. The significance of previous work by Sober, Wimsatt and Brandon is thereby clarified
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Citations of this work BETA
David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober (1994). Reintroducing Group Selection to the Human Behavioral Sciences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):585.
Jeffry A. Simpson (1994). Adaptation and Natural Selection: A New Look at Some Old Ideas. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):634.
Jim Moore (1994). Hominids, Coalitions, and Weapons: Not Vehicles. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):632.
Kevin MacDonald (1994). Group Evolutionary Strategies: Dimensions and Mechanisms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):629.
Geoffrey F. Miller (1994). Beyond Shared Fate: Group-Selected Mechanisms for Cooperation and Competition in Fuzzy, Fluid Vehicles. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):630.
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