Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (2):107-126 (2011)
Humans have always played a crucial role in the evolutionary dynamics of agricultural biodiversity and thus there is a strong relationship between these resources and human cultures. These agricultural resources have long been treated as a global public good, and constitute the livelihoods of millions of predominantly poor people. At the same time, agricultural biodiversity is under serious threat in many parts of the world despite extensive conservation efforts. Ethical considerations regarding the collecting, research, and use of agricultural biodiversity are currently topics of great concern. For example, easy access to genetic resources for breeding purposes is important, but international agreements and legal frameworks are necessary to ensure adequate recognition of the contributions of local communities and traditional farmers in creating and nurturing these resources. Here, we assess ethical principles in the context of existing codes of conduct that are relevant for agro-biodiversity researchers. We aim to create awareness among scientists and policy makers who are concerned with agro-biodiversity research and its potential impact on local communities. We encourage a serious assessment of the ethical principles presented here and hope to facilitate an integration of these principles into the reader’s personal ethical framework. Key ethical principles considered here include the importance of obtaining prior informed consent, equity, and the inalienability of rights of local communities and farmers
|Keywords||Agricultural biodiversity Bio-ethics Genetic resources Traditional knowledge Access and benefit-sharing International agreements|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Agrobiodiversity Under Different Property Regimes.Cristian Timmermann & Zoë Robaey - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (2):285-303.
“Return” and Extension Actions After Ethnobotanical Research: The Perceptions and Expectations of a Rural Community in Semi-Arid Northeastern Brazil. [REVIEW]Ulysses Albuquerque, Luciana Sousa Nascimento, Fabio Vieira, Cybelle Almeida, Marcelo Ramos & Ana Silva - 2012 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (1):19-32.
Promoting Human Subjects Training for Place-Based Communities and Cultural Groups in Environmental Research: Curriculum Approaches for Graduate Student/Faculty Training.Dianne Quigley - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (1):209-226.
Analysis of the Alternative Agriculture’s Seeds Market Sector: History and Development.Pietro Barbieri & Stefano Bocchi - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (4):789-801.
Similar books and articles
Maize: The Native North American's Legacy of Cultural Diversity and Biodiversity. [REVIEW]S. K. Wertz - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (2):131-156.
Human Rights,Cultural Pluralism, and International Health Research.Patricia A. Marshall - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (6):529-557.
Opening Up for Participation in Agro-Biodiversity Conservation: The Expert-Lay Interplay in a Brazilian Social Movement. [REVIEW]Ana Delgado - 2008 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (6):559-577.
Biodiversity and Biotechnology.Kathryn Paxton George - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (3):175-192.
Impact of IP Regime on Diminishing Agro-Biodiversity: Finding Solutions to Conserve Genetic Variations.Vinati Gupta - manuscript
Agro-Biodiversity Conservation in Europe: Ethical Issues. [REVIEW]Valeria Negri - 2004 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (1):3-25.
Added to index2010-05-07
Total downloads29 ( #172,570 of 2,152,003 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #281,207 of 2,152,003 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.