Contenu, enjeux et diversité des acceptions de l’Intelligent Design en contexte étatsunien

Philippe Gagnon
Universite Catholique de Lyon
This paper aims at introducing a French audience to the Intelligent Design debate. It starts by reviewing recent attacks on any possibility of a rational account of theism in light of the contemporary theory of evolution. A section is devoted to outlining the genesis of the "wedge" strategy, to distinguish it from young earth creationism, and to highlight the questioning of evolution as our meta-narrative bearing on overall conceptions of the scientific endeavor. The arguments propounded by Behe are reviewed in detail, as the example of blood coagulation as a purported irreducibly complex mechanism is contrasted to the question of system boundaries. Counter-arguments by Miller are reviewed, and a few bottom-line questions are directed to invite a further consideration of the type of engineering this could testify to. The concept of complex specified information is then presented, and contrasted to traditional and lingering axiomatic problems in the theory of probabilities. The problem of the recognition of an intrinsic pattern is also brought together with some work in recent philosophy of causation and explanation. The two opposing strategies, naturalistic evolutionism and intelligent design, are seen as caught in each other's rhetoric, and some probing is offered in the direction of a theory that could surpass those stalling factors.
Keywords intelligent design  Darwinism  evolution  naturalism  Behe  Dembski  Miller  irreducible complexity  complex specified information  scientific explanation
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Hasard et direction en histoire évolutive.Marc Godinot - 2005 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 61 (3):497-514.

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