The space for justice in social animals

(2012)

Authors
Hans-Johann Glock
University of Zürich
Abstract
While differentialists deny that non-linguistic animals can have a sense of justice, assimilationists credit some animals with such an advanced moral attitude. We approach this debate from a philosophical perspective. First, we outline the history of the notion of justice in philosophy and how various facets of that notion play a role in contemporary empirical investigations of justice among humans. On this basis, we develop a scheme for the elements of justice-relevant situations and for criteria of justice that should be fruitful in studying both humans and animals. Furthermore, we investigate the conceptual connections between a sense of justice, on the one hand, and various other mental powers, on the other, and indicate which of the latter may be beyond the ken of animals. Next, we consider recent empirical research on justicerelated phenomena in animals. We argue for an intermediate position: While animals can at least in principle satisfy some preconditions of justice, others are problematic, notably possessing a notion of desert. A space for justice in social animals exists, yet it is rather limited compared to the rich cultures of justice in humans. Finally, we reflect on some actual or alleged implications of research on animal justice. As regards justice in humans, one should avoid a simplistic image of ‘‘natural justice’’ as boiling down to equal allocation of goods. As regards justice for animals, one should be weary of the contractualist assumption that only those capable of justice themselves are deserving of ‘‘just’’ treatment.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 47,350
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Primate Cognition.Amanda Seed & Michael Tomasello - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):407-419.
Anarchy, State, and Utopia.Robert Nozick - 1974 - Philosophy 52 (199):102-105.
The Ethical Project.Philip Kitcher - 2011 - Harvard University Press.

View all 38 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Much Ado About Nothing?: Barry, Justice and Animals.Robert Garner - 2012 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 15 (3):363-376.
Social Justice and Legal Justice.Wojciech Sadurski - 1984 - Law and Philosophy 3 (3):329 - 354.
Rowlands, Rawlsian Justice and Animal Experimentation.Julia Tanner - 2011 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (5):569-587.
Animal Justice: The Counter‐Revolution in Natural Right and Law.John Rodman - 1979 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 22 (1-4):3 – 22.
The Importance of Being Chimpanzee.Nancy Howell - 2003 - Theology and Science 1 (2):179-191.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-11-30

Total views
71 ( #125,113 of 2,291,086 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #832,027 of 2,291,086 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature