Agriculture and Human Values 24 (3):355-368 (2007)

This article examines differences in the research approaches of farmers and scientists and analyzes how these differences are related to the conditions under which both groups engage in experimental work. Theoretical considerations as well as practical experiences are presented to emphasize the great potential of farmer–researcher collaboration for rural innovation. In the first part of the article, the innovative power of farmer research and experimentation is acknowledged by presenting examples such as crop and animal breeding, development of new production systems, farm equipment, and social innovations. Considering the respective comparative advantages of farmers and scientists, and inspired by theoretical concepts in the fields of knowledge management and innovation processes, we discuss five topics for optimizing the collaboration between farmers and scientists in the field of technological innovation: user orientation, decentralization, informal modes of experimentation, externalization of tacit knowledge, and economic considerations. A better understanding of such issues could help researchers to define their own role in the research process, acknowledge the strengths and weaknesses of their own and farmers’ research approaches, overcome communication gaps, and find creative solutions for problems that typically occur in the process of participatory technology development
Keywords Innovation systems  Knowledge systems  Participatory research  Technology development
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DOI 10.1007/s10460-007-9072-2
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Facts, Fantasies, and Failures of Farmer Participatory Research.Jeffery W. Bentley - 1994 - Agriculture and Human Values 11 (2-3):140-150.

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Facts, Fantasies, and Failures of Farmer Participatory Research.Jeffery W. Bentley - 1994 - Agriculture and Human Values 11 (2-3):140-150.
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