Results for 'Deborah Merrill-Sands'

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  1.  12
    Farmers and Researchers: The Road to Partnership. [REVIEW]Deborah Merrill-Sands & Marie-Hélène Collion - 1994 - Agriculture and Human Values 11 (2-3):26-37.
    User participation is a critical ingredient for relevant technology development, whether in agriculture or industry. This has long been recognized in private sector R&D firms. In most public sector agricultural research organizations in developing countries, however, systematic involvement of farmers, especially poor farmers, in research has been weak. These farmers are rarely powerful or well organized enough to bring pressure to bear on government agencies to respond to their needs and priorities. Farmer-responsive research methods, such as on-farm research, farming systems (...)
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  2. Hume and the Politics of Enlightenment.Thomas W. Merrill - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    'Methinks I am like a man, who having narrowly escap'd shipwreck', David Hume writes in A Treatise of Human Nature, 'has yet the temerity to put out to sea in the same leaky weather-beaten vessel, and even carries his ambition so far as to think of compassing the globe'. With these words, Hume begins a memorable depiction of the crisis of philosophy and his turn to moral and political philosophy as the path forward. In this groundbreaking work, Thomas W. Merrill (...)
     
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  3.  42
    Machiavellian Journalism: With a Brief Interview on Ethics with Old Nick.John C. Merrill - 1992 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 7 (2):85 – 96.
    In this article John Merrill, a long-time observer of the journalistic scene and author/co-author of more than two-dozen books, picks the brain of Niccolo Machiavelli, who, if he had been asked, might have had some interesting observations about the ethics of journalism.
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  4.  98
    Ontological Realism: Methodology or Misdirection?Gary H. Merrill - 2010 - Applied Ontology 5 (2):79-108.
    In a series of papers over a period of several years Barry Smith andWerner Ceusters have offered a number of cogent criticisms of historical approaches to creating, maintaining, and applying biomedical terminologies and ontologies. And they have urged the adoption of what they refer to as a “realism-based” approach. Indeed, at times they insist that the realism-based approach not only offers clear advantages and a well-founded methodological basis for ontology development and evaluation, but that such a realist perspective is in (...)
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  5. Against Definitions.Jerry Fodor, Garrett A., F. Merrill, Edward Walker, Parkes C. T. & H. Cornelia - 1999 - In E. Margolis & S. Laurence (eds.), Concepts: Core Readings. MIT Press. pp. 263--367.
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  6. The Imperative of Freedom: A Philosophy of Journalistic Autonomy.John Calhoun Merrill - 1974 - Freedom House.
     
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  7. Ontology, Ontologies, and Science.Gary H. Merrill - 2011 - Topoi (1):71-83.
    Philosophers frequently struggle with the relation of metaphysics to the everyday world, with its practical value, and with its relation to empirical science. This paper distinguishes several different models of the relation between philosophical ontology and applied (scientific) ontology that have been advanced in the history of philosopy. Adoption of a strong participation model for the philosophical ontologist in science is urged, and requirements and consequences of the participation model are explored. This approach provides both a principled view and justification (...)
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  8. The Model-Theoretic Argument Against Realism.G. H. Merrill - 1980 - Philosophy of Science 47 (1):69-81.
    In "Realism and Reason" Hilary Putnam has offered an apparently strong argument that the position of metaphysical realism provides an incoherent model of the relation of a correct scientific theory to the world. However, although Putnam's attack upon the notion of the "intended" interpretation of a scientific theory is sound, it is shown here that realism may be formulated in such a way that the realist need make no appeal to any "intended" interpretation of such a theory. Consequently, it can (...)
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  9.  36
    The Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project: Preliminary Notes From a Pilot Project to Establish Quality Measures for Ethics Consultation.M. Swiderski Deborah, M. Ettinger Katharine, Nancy Mayris Webber & N. Dubler - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):65-72.
    The Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project (CECP) was intiated in 2007 in response to the lack of uniform standards for both the training of clinical ethics consultants, and for evaluating their work as consultants. CECP participants, all practicing clinical ethics consultants, met monthly to apply a standard evaluation instrument, the “QI tool”, to their consultation notes. This paper describes, from a qualitative perspective, how participants grappled with applying standards to their work. Although the process was marked by resistance and disagreement, it (...)
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  10. Human Dignity and Bioethics.Edmund D. Pellegrino, Thomas W. Merrill & Adam Schulman (eds.) - 2009 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    This collection of essays, commissioned by the President’s Council on Bioethics, explores a fundamental concept crucial to today’s discourse in law and ethics in general and in bioethics in particular. Since its formation in 2001, the council has frequently used the term “human dignity” in its discussions and reports. In this volume scholars from the fields of philosophy, medicine and medical ethics, law, political science, and public policy address the issue of what the concept of “human dignity” entails and its (...)
     
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  11. “It Shouldn't Have to Be A Trade”: Recognition and Redistribution in Care Work Advocacy.Cameron Lynne Macdonald & David A. Merrill - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (2):67-83.
    : Care work straddles the divide between activities performed out of love and those performed for pay. The tensions created for workers by this divide raise questions concerning connections between recognition and redistribution. Through an analysis of mobilization among childcare workers, we argue that care workers can address redistribution and recognition simultaneously through vocabularies of both skill and virtue. We conclude with a discussion of strategies to overcome the false dichotomy between recognition and redistribution.
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  12. Concepts: Core Readings.Jerry Fodor, Garrett A., F. Merrill, Edward Walker, Parkes C. T. & H. Cornelia - 1999 - MIT Press.
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  13.  31
    Bottom-Up Skill Learning in Reactive Sequential Decision Tasks.Ron Sun, Todd Peterson & Edward Merrill - unknown
    This paper introduces a hybrid model that unifies connectionist, symbolic, and reinforcement learning into an integrated architecture for bottom-up skill learning in reactive sequential decision tasks. The model is designed for an agent to learn continuously from on-going experience in the world, without the use of preconceived concepts and knowledge. Both procedural skills and high-level knowledge are acquired through an agent’s experience interacting with the world. Computational experiments with the model in two domains are reported.
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  14.  54
    Realism and Reference Ontologies: Considerations, Reflections, and Problems.Gary H. Merrill - 2010 - Applied Ontology 5 (3-4):189-221.
    In “Ontological realism: Methodology or misdirection?” I offered a detailed critique of the position referred to as “realism” taken by Barry Smith and Werner Ceusters. This position is claimed to serve as the basis for a “realist methodology” that they seek to impose on the development of scientific ontologies, particularly within the biomedical sciences. Here, in part responding to a reply to those criticisms by Smith and Ceusters, I return the focus to an examination of fundamental incoherencies in this realist (...)
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  15. Legacy of Wisdom: Great Thinkers and Journalism.John Calhoun Merrill - 1994 - Iowa State University Press.
     
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  16.  33
    A Bottom-Up Model of Skill Learning.Ron Sun, Todd Peterson & Edward Merrill - unknown
    We present a skill learning model CLARION. Different from existing models of high-level skill learning that use a topdown approach (that is, turning declarative knowledge into procedural knowledge), we adopt a bottom-up approach toward low-level skill learning, where procedural knowledge develops first and declarative knowledge develops later. CLAR- ION is formed by integrating connectionist, reinforcement, and symbolic learning methods to perform on-line learning. We compare the model with human data in a minefield navigation task. A match between the model and (...)
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  17.  60
    Concepts and Synonymy in the UMLS Metathesaurus.Gary H. Merrill - 2009 - Journal of Biomedical Discovery and Collaboration 4 (7).
    This paper advances a detailed exploration of the complex relationships among terms, concepts, and synonymy in the UMLS Metathesaurus, and proposes the study and understanding of the Metathesaurus from a model-theoretic perspective. Initial sections provide the background and motivation for such an approach, and a careful informal treatment of these notions is offered as a context and basis for the formal analysis. What emerges from this is a set of puzzles and confusions in the Metathesaurus and its literature pertaining to (...)
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  18.  56
    Art, Mind, and Religion.William H. Capitan & Daniel Davy Merrill (eds.) - 1967 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    This volume offers an unusual variety of topics presented during the sixth annual Oberlin Colloquium in Philosophy.
  19. The MedDRA Paradox.Gary H. Merrill - 2008 - Amia Annu Symp Proc:470-474.
    MedDRA (the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities Terminology) is a controlled vocabulary widely used as a medical coding scheme. However, MedDRA’s characterization of its structural hierarchy exhibits some confusing and paradoxical features. The goal of this paper is to examine these features, determine whether there is a coherent view of the MedDRA hierarchy that emerges, and explore what lessons are to be learned from this for using MedDRA and similar terminologies in a broad medical informatics context that includes relations among (...)
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  20. Free Will and Intuition.A. A. Merrill - 1918 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 15 (22):607-611.
  21. Engineering a Development Platform for Ontology-Enhanced Knowledge Applications.Gary H. Merrill - 2006 - In Raj Sharman, Rajiv Kishore & Ram Ramesh (eds.), Ontologies: A Handbook of Principles, Concepts and Applications in Information Systems. Springer.
    Babylon Knowledge Explorer (BKE) is an integrated suite of tools and information sources developed in GlaxoSmithKline's Analysis, Applications, and Research Technologies Department to support the prototyping and implementation of ontology-driven information systems and ontology-enhanced knowledge applications. In this paper we describe the current state of BKE development and focus on some of its distinctive or novel approaches, highlighting -/- * How BKE makes use of multiple large pre-existing ontologies in support of text and data mining. * The methodology employed for (...)
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  22.  35
    Hume's "of Miracles," Peirce, and the Balancing of Likelihoods.Kenneth R. Merrill - 1991 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 29 (1):85 - 113.
    The most important thesis of "Of Miracles" has no special connection with miracles: I mean the perfectly general thesis that testimonial evidence should be evaluated by the method of balancing likelihoods, which is a relatively informal version of the calculus of changes (or of probabilities). C. S. Peirce argues that the method is radically unsuited to the assessment of historical testimony. In this paper, I do essentially two things: (1) set out both an informal and a formal account of Hume’s (...)
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  23.  39
    Professionalization: Danger to Press Freedom and Pluralism.John C. Merrill - 1986 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 1 (2):56 – 60.
    Journalism is viewed here as being in danger of becoming a profession, thereby changing the field into a narrow, monolithic, self?centered fellowship of true believers devoid of outward?looking and service orientations.
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  24.  14
    Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control: A Framework for Action.Judith A. Monroe, Janet L. Collins, Pamela S. Maier, Thomas Merrill, Georges C. Benjamin & Anthony D. Moulton - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (s1):15-23.
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  25. On the Uniqueness of the Identity Relation.G. H. Merrill - 1979 - Analysis 39 (3):133 - 136.
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  26.  32
    Three Forms of Realism.G. H. Merrill - 1980 - American Philosophical Quarterly 17 (3):229 - 235.
  27.  37
    Hume on Suicide.Kenneth R. Merrill - 1999 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 16 (4):395 - 412.
  28.  32
    Power — the Key to Press Freedom: A Four-Tiered Social Model.David Gordon & John C. Merrill - 1988 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 3 (1):38 – 49.
    Raw (pragmatic) and potential (theoretical) power is seen as the key to press freedom in various global settings. Because the locus of power determines the locus of freedom, the authors suggest a model to understand where the raw and potential power resides within a matrix consisting of the State, the Media Elite, the Journalists, or the People. Numerous questions concerning accountability and ethics are raised concerning the practical application of a model that purports to overcome cultural biases inherent in traditional (...)
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  29.  59
    President Lincoln.William Stetson Merrill - 1934 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 9 (1):136-139.
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  30.  52
    The IsIes of the BIest.William Stetson Merrill - 1934 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 8 (4):597-605.
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  31. Ethics and the Press: Readings in Mass Media Morality.John Calhoun Merrill & Ralph D. Barney (eds.) - 1975 - Hastings House.
     
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  32.  47
    Terra Nova.William Stetson Merrill - 1937 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 12 (3):506-507.
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  33.  37
    St. Simeon.Wm Stetson Merrill - 1930 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 4 (4):548-564.
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  34.  36
    The Just Family.David Merrill - 2003 - The Owl of Minerva 35 (1-2):65-69.
    In The Just Family, Richard Dien Winfield presents an ethics specific to the family. His aim is to show that the family is an “integrated sphere of right, wherein individuals exercise rights and duties as autonomous family members that are nowhere else possible”. His account of the just family is explicitly set out in the context of the other spheres of right, namely, property, family, civil society and state. The philosophy of right is presented in a manner that conforms to (...)
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  35.  35
    Formalization, Possible Worlds and the Foundations of Modal Logic.G. H. Merrill - 1978 - Erkenntnis 12 (3):305 - 327.
  36.  34
    On Lvcretivs II. 355–360.W. A. Merrill - 1919 - Classical Quarterly 13 (3-4):173-.
    356 nonquit O, oinquit Q, linquit Q corr., oinquid G, noscit Lachmann. 359 adsittens OQ, adsistens Q corr. In the summer of 1919, in the high Sierra of California, I chanced to talk with a cattleman who had driven his herd from the lower valleys to the highlands for summer pasture. When he had arrived at his destination he found a cow missing. He retraced his route, and forty miles below he found the cow by the roadside.Her calf, by reason (...)
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  37.  40
    UFA Fails in the Bell-Kunen Model.John W. L. Merrill - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (1):284-296.
  38.  35
    Leif Eriksson.William Stetson Merrill - 1934 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 9 (1):162-164.
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  39. Using SNOMED to Normalize and Aggregate Drug References in the SafetyWorks Observational Pharmacovigilance Project.Gary H. Merrill, Patrick B. Ryan & Jeffery L. Painter - 2008 - Idamap (Intelligent Data Analysis in Medicine and Pharmacology.
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  40.  18
    A Modest Defense of “Bad Old Logic”.Kenneth R. Merrill - 1982 - New Scholasticism 56 (4):500-512.
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  41.  36
    Philosophy Today.Wm Stetson Merrill - 1929 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 4 (1):165-172.
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  42.  18
    Issues in the Philosophy of Language: Proceedings of the 1972 Oberlin Colloquium in Philosophy.Alfred F. MacKay & Daniel D. Merrill (eds.) - 1976 - Yale University Press.
  43.  43
    Spectres of False Divinity: Hume's Moral Atheism, by Thomas Holden. [REVIEW]K. R. Merrill - 2012 - Mind 121 (483):825-830.
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  44.  28
    Hume, Whitehead, and Philosophic Method.Kenneth R. Merrill - 1976 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 7 (2):135-160.
  45.  39
    Confirmation and Prediction.G. H. Merrill - 1979 - Philosophy of Science 46 (1):98-117.
    It is argued that Hempel's original rejection of the prediction criterion of confirmation in [8] (on the grounds that it leads to a circular definition of confirmation) was ill-conceived, and that his own approach exhibits undesirable consequences to the degree that it deviates from this criterion. A version of the prediction criterion is formulated which, in addition to being-non circular, escapes the criticisms advanced against Hempel's satisfaction criterion, offers certain clear advantages over alternative approaches, and may serve as the basis (...)
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  46.  12
    Moderate Historicism and the Empirical Sense of 'Good Science'.G. H. Merrill - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:223 - 235.
    Unlike the radical historicist and the radical logicist, the moderate historicist in the philosophy of science adopts the position that neither purely a priori (i.e., logical or philosophical) nor purely historical considerations alone determine the acceptability of a philosophical analysis of science. A dilemma arising from the nature of this position is first described and then it is argued that what is perhaps the most plausible way of avoiding this dilemma is doomed to failure. A particular example of this attempt (...)
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  47.  47
    What a Sentence Says.G. H. Merrill - 1979 - Philosophical Studies 35 (4):405 - 412.
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  48.  28
    Comments on Gregg Franzwa’s “Two Models of Human Nature in the Modern Period”.Kenneth R. Merrill - 1985 - Southwest Philosophy Review 2:139-145.
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  49.  39
    Thraldom in Ancient Iceland.William Stetson Merrill - 1938 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 13 (3):509-510.
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  50.  23
    Leo Strauss and the Theologico-Political Problem.Thomas W. Merrill - 2007 - Review of Metaphysics 60 (4):872-874.
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