Concept Diagrams and the Context Principle

In Language, Logic, and Mathematics in Schopenhauer. Cham, Schweiz: pp. 47-73 (2020)

Authors
Jens Lemanski
Fernuniversität Hagen
Abstract
What is the primacy of logic? Concepts, judgments, or inferences? Whereas representationalists traditionally argue for a primacy of the conceptual, rationalists, referring to the context principle and the use theory of meaning, consider judgments and inferences to be primary. This dispute also seems to be applicable to logic diagrams: Whereas “Euler-type diagrams” are actually only for judgments and inferences, “concept diagrams” represent ontologies by using concepts. With reference to Schopenhauer, the paper develops a position called “rational representationalism.” According to this point of view, the question of primacy is decided by analyzing the functions of the logic principles: For the explanation of logic and language, concepts are primary, but for understanding it is judgments. The mediation between intuitive representation and logical rationality is ensured by concept diagrams.
Keywords Knowledge Representation  Ontology  Philosophy of Language  Logic Diagrams
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