Topoi 38 (4):645-658 (2019)

Abstract
Most dialectical models view argumentation as a process of critically testing a standpoint. Further, they assume that what we critically test can be analytically reduced to individual and bi-polar standpoints. I argue that these two assumptions lead to the dominant view of dialectics as a bi-partisan argumentative discussion in which the yes-side argues against the doubter or the no-side. I scrutinise this binary orientation in understanding argumentation by drawing on the main tenets of normative pragmatic and pragma-dialectical theories of argumentation. I develop my argument by showing how argumentative practice challenges these assumptions. I then lay out theoretical reasons for this challenge. This paves the way for an enhanced conceptualisation of dialectical models and their standards of rationality in terms of multi-party discussions, or argumentative polylogues.
Keywords Argumentation  Diairesis  Dialectics  Normative pragmatics  Polylogue  Pragma-dialectics  Quine
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DOI 10.1007/s11245-015-9361-0
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References found in this work BETA

Two Dogmas of Empiricism.Willard V. O. Quine - 1951 - Philosophical Review 60 (1):20–43.
Fallacies.C. L. Hamblin - 1970 - Vale Press.
The Web of Belief.W. V. O. Quine & J. S. Ullian - 1970 - New York: Random House.

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