David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Social Philosophy and Policy 29 (2):283-317 (2012)
The labor theory of value is fundamental to John LockeJustifying Intellectual Property,s physical labor contributes only proportionally to this socially-created market value. Robert Nozick, G. A. Cohen, and other philosophers similarly dismiss the labor theory of value as illogical or incoherent. But these philosophers redefine Lockes labor theory of economic value. The principle of interpretative charity demands reconsideration of Lockes property theory within the context of his natural law ethical theory, as presented in An Essay Concerning Human Understanding and in other works. In this context, Locke’s concept of labor means production, which has intellectual as well as physical characteristics, and his concept of value means that which is useful in the flourishing life of a rational being, which is a conception of the good that is more robust than merely physical status or economic wealth. This not only disabuses modern scholars of the absurdities they impose on Locke, it also explains why Locke says that inventions exemplify his labor-based property theory and why he argues for property rights in writings, arguments that seem to have been lost on his critics in intellectual property theory and beyond.
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References found in this work BETA
Robert Nozick (1974). Anarchy, State and Utopia. Basic Books.
J. L. Mackie (1977). Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong. Penguin Books.
David P. Gauthier (1986). Morals by Agreement. Oxford University Press.
John Locke (1700). An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Oxford University Press.
Jeremy Waldron (1990). The Right to Private Property. Clarendon Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Bryan Cwik (2014). Labor as the Basis for Intellectual Property Rights. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (4):681-695.
Jukka Varelius (2015). Is the Non-Rivalrousness of Intellectual Objects a Problem for the Moral Justification of Economic Rights to Intellectual Property? Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):895-906.
Jukka Varelius (2014). Is the Expiration of Intellectual Property Rights a Problem for Non-Consequentialist Theories of Intellectual Property? Res Publica 20 (4):345-357.
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