Metaphysica 16 (2):253–269 (2015)

L. Nathan Oaklander
University of Michigan - Flint
One of the more serious criticisms of the B-theory is that by denying the passage of time or maintaining that passage is a mind-dependent illusion or appearance, the B-theory gives rise to a static, block universe and thereby removes what is most distinctively timelike about time. The aim of this paper is to discuss the R-theory of time, after Russell, who Richard Gale calls “the father of the B-theory,” and explain how the R-theory can respond to the criticisms just raised, and others. In the course of my discussion I shall clarify differences between versions of the A-, B- and R-theories of time, and argue that McTaggart’s conception of the B-series and more specifically, the B-relations that generate it, has been instrumental in misconstruing the A-/B-theory debate resulting in criticisms of the B-theory that can be seen to be fallacious when applied to the R-theory.
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DOI 10.1515/mp-2015-0018
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References found in this work BETA

The Unreality of Time.J. Ellis McTaggart - 1908 - Mind 17 (68):457-474.
Our Experience of Passage on the B-Theory.Natalja Deng - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (4):713-726.
A Limited Defense of Passage.Steven F. Savitt - 2001 - American Philosophical Quarterly 38 (3):261 - 270.

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