Philosophia Scientiae 12 (1):77-91 (2008)

Frédéric Nef
Institut Jean Nicod
Lowe's criticism of nihilism is discussed. Nihilism seems to involve a commitment to abstract entities and Lowe used recently the Dependence Principle — abstracta depend upon concreta — in order to block reference to abstract entities: numbers are said to depend upon concreta. It will be argued that this form of arithmetical fictionalism is not harmless and that we have to evaluate the respective coast of the Platonist alternative. I will defend a form a particularized Platonism. In conclusion it will appear that we can give up the DP.RésuméLa critique du nihilisme par Lowe est soumise à une évaluation. Le nihilisme semble impliquer un engagement à l'existence d'entités abstraites et Lowe utilise le principe de dépendance — les abstraits dépendent des concrets — pour bloquer la référence à des entités abstraites : les nombres sont dits dépendre de concrets. On défendra l'idée que cette forme de fictionnalisme n'est pas innocente et que nous devons sérieusement envisager l'alternative que constitue le platonisme. On défendra une forme de platonisme, le platonisme particularisé. En conclusion on proposera de renoncer au PD
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DOI 10.4000/philosophiascientiae.208
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