An Imaginative Meeting at the Entrance to the Temple of Apollo at Delphi: Self-knowledge and Self-love in Johann Georg Hamann and Hryhorii Skovoroda. Comparative analysis

Sententiae 37 (1):47-64 (2018)

At First, the article analyses Hamann’s path to self-knowledge and self-love as a path of Socratic ignorance, which is indeed the highest form of knowledge. For Hamann Socrates is the predecessor of Christ, and Socratic ignorance (I know that I know nothing) is the path to divinization. Subsequently, it is pointed out, how Hryhorii Skovoroda explains the path of self-knowledge and self-love. To illustrate this thought, he makes use of the Ovidian Narcissus myth. Concerning the figure of Narcissus, Skovoroda distinguishes the following three aspects: 1. The Egyptian Narcissus, 2. The Hebraic Narcissus and 3. The Christian Narcissus, i.e. Jesus Christ. These three aspects and corresponding assertions of the Bible designate Skovoroda’s path to divinization. Finally, it points out similarities between Hamann’s and Skovoroda’s understanding of self-knowing and self-love and their fundamental impact for the philosophy of Franz von Baader and his criticism of modern subjectivism.
Keywords Johann Georg Hamann  Hryhorii Skovoroda  self-knowledge  self-love  Socratic ignorance  Narcissus myth  divinization  Franz von Baader  Proclus  modern subjectivism
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DOI 10.22240/sent37.01.047
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Perennial Philosophy: From Agostino Steuco to Leibniz.Charles B. Schmitt - 1966 - Journal of the History of Ideas 27 (4):505-532.

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