Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (3):406-431 (2007)
Moral obligation is a demand of reason—a demanding kind of rational justification. How to understand this rational demand? Much recent philosophy, as in the work of Scanlon, takes obligatoriness to be a reason-giving feature of an action. But the paper argues that moral obligatoriness should instead be understood as a mode of justificatory support—as a distinctive justificatory force of demand. The paper argues that this second model of obligation, the Force model, was central to the natural law tradition in ethics, is truer to everyday intuition about obligation, and also changes our understanding of the problem of moral rationality. A new account is given of why it might be irrational to breach moral obligations. The Force model also sheds new light on moral responsibility, our responsibility for meeting moral obligations. Moral obligation is a standard of reason; but moral responsibility is shown to involve far more than ordinary rational appraisability, precisely because moral obligation involves a distinctive justificatory force of demand—one which specifically governs how we act. Key Words: blame • moral responsibility • natural law • normativity • obligation • reason.
|Keywords||Normativity Moral Responsibility Obligation Natural Law Blame Reason|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Thomas Hobbes and the Ethics of Freedom.Thomas Pink - 2011 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (5):541 - 563.
Similar books and articles
A Path to the Oasis: Sharī'ah and Reason in Islamic Moral Epistemology. [REVIEW]Edward Omar Moad - 2007 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 62 (3):135 - 148.
A Problem for Harman's Moral Relativism.William L. Langenfus - 1988 - Philosophy Research Archives 14:121-136.
Moral Responsibility—What is All the Fuss About?Kenton Machina - 2007 - Acta Analytica 22 (1):29-47.
Respect for the Law and the Use of Dynamical Terms in Kant's Theory of Moral Motivation.Melissa Zinkin - 2006 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 88 (1):31-53.
Do Judges Have an Obligation to Enforce the Law?: Moral Responsibility and Judicial-Reasoning.Anthony R. Reeves - 2010 - Law and Philosophy 29 (2):159-187.
Moral Obligation: Form and Substance.Stephen Darwall - 2010 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 110 (1):31-46.
Normativity and the Will: Selected Papers on Moral Psychology and Practical Reason.R. Jay Wallace (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads752 ( #1,311 of 2,169,725 )
Recent downloads (6 months)12 ( #27,753 of 2,169,725 )
How can I increase my downloads?