In dirty chains? Purchasing and greener manufacturing

Journal of Business Ethics 34 (3-4):345 - 359 (2001)
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Against the backdrop of an increasing importance of the purchasing function in manufacturing companies, this paper introduces the notion of a "green multiplier effect" and suggests that purchasing could become an important agent for change regarding environmental initiatives in the supply chain. The literature offers some support for this concept. However, a study into purchasing in Scottish manufacturing companies produces a less optimistic picture, as environmental initiatives involving the supply chain are rare. Where they occur, they are mostly undertaken in a passive fashion, with the main motivation being compliance with legislation. Above-average environmental initiatives are reported from three industries: paper making, chemicals and electronics. Explanations of the discrepancy between anticipated and actual results point to the reactive nature of purchasing and to performance measurement systems that focus on economic criteria.



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From Chain Liability to Chain Responsibility.Rob Van Tulder, Jeroen Van Wijk & Ans Kolk - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S2):399 - 412.

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