Social and Individual Religious Orientations Exist Within Both Intrinsic and Extrinsic Religiosity

Abstract

This research presents the development of a measure of religiosity that includes social intrinsic religiosity as distinct from extrinsic religiosity and from the typical conceptualization of intrinsic religiosity as an individual orientation. Study 1 developed the measure using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis; the results confirmed two intrinsic identity factors and two extrinsic benefit factors. Correlations with previously established religiosity measures demonstrate the scales construct validity and that social intrinsic religiosity is independent from extrinsic religiosity. In Study 2, differential responding by Christian and Jewish participants was consistent with these religions’ reputed cultural-theological approaches and confirmed the independence of social intrinsic religiosity. Furthermore, social intrinsic religiosity was positively correlated with prejudice towards value-violating outgroups, as would be expected from an intrinsic religiosity. These results unconfound social and extrinsic religiosity and provide empirical evidence that intrinsic religiosity can be socially as well as individually oriented.

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References found in this work

Multiple Factor Analysis.L. L. Thurstone - 1931 - Psychological Review 38 (5):406-427.
Beyond Beliefs: Religions Bind Individuals Into Moral Communities.Jesse Graham & Jonathan Haidt - 2010 - Personality and Social Psychology Review 14 (1):140-150.

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