Causes of illness in clinical practice: A conceptual exploration [Book Review]

Abstract
This paper explores causation in the context of health care practice, in particular, primary care. Causation in health care is necessarily premised on the concepts of disease and illness and the ways they are deviations from health. The paper reviews and broadly categorises concepts of illness most commonly found in the literature in terms of the biomedical, biopsychosocial, and agency models. It is argued that although each model has its place in the gamut of health care practice, primary care implicitly or explicitly uses an agency model most frequently. By explicitly acknowledging the role that patients’ values and expectations have in utilising their physiological, psychological and social capacities to live their lives, clinicians can gain a clearer understanding of how a situation has come about and why it has become a health problem for the patient
Keywords agency  agential capacity  agential utility  biopsychosocial model  causation  concept of illness  medical model
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DOI 10.1007/s11019-006-9006-6
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References found in this work BETA

Functional Analysis.Robert Cummins - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy 72 (November):741-64.
Health as a Theoretical Concept.Christopher Boorse - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):542-573.
On the Distinction Between Disease and Illness.Christopher Boorse - 1975 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (1):49-68.

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