PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:179 - 191 (1990)
This paper examines the process that led to the identification of chromosomes as carriers of genes. It focuses on the role played by explanations in theory construction and analyzes the status given to the entities and processes introduced through such explanations. I argue that the theory of the gene was a functional explanation that, as such, could not offer decisive support for the existence of genes. However, I maintain that functional explanations set the conditions of identification needed to discover the physical structure that has a certain function in a given system. In this case, the theory of the gene helped to select the chromosomes as the physical structure responsible for the Mendelian segregation of genes. In its turn, the theory of chromosome inheritance helped to reduce the permissive character of the theory of the gene, regulating its further development.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Conceptual Tensions Between Theory and Program: The Chromosome Theory and the Mendelian Research Program. [REVIEW]Gerrit Balen - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (4):435-461.
How Theories Became Knowledge: Morgan's Chromosome Theory of Heredity in America and Britain. [REVIEW]Stephen G. Brush - 2002 - Journal of the History of Biology 35 (3):471-535.
T.H. Morgan, Neither an Epistemological Empiricist nor a “Methodological” Empiricist.Marga Vicedo - 1990 - Biology and Philosophy 5 (3):293-311.
Functional Explanation, Consequence Explanation, and Marxism.G. A. Cohen - 1982 - Inquiry 25 (1):27 – 56.
What is a Gene? From Molecules to Metaphysics.Holmes Rolston - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (6):471-497.
Inheritance Systems.Ehud Lamm - 2012 - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2012 Edition).
Linkage: From Particulate to Interactive Genetics. [REVIEW]Raphael Falk - 2003 - Journal of the History of Biology 36 (1):87 - 117.
The (Alleged) Inherent Normativity of Technological Explanations.Jeroen de Ridder - 2006 - Techne 10 (1):79-94.
On Griffiths and Gray's Concept of Expanded and Diffused Inheritance.Francesca Merlin - 2009 - Biological Theory 5 (3):206-215.
Can Darwinian Inheritance Be Extended From Biology to Epistemology?Carla E. Kary - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:356 - 369.
Einstein's Theory of Theories and Types of Theoretical Explanation.Francisco Flores - 1999 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13 (2):123 – 134.
The Functions of Fossils: Inference and Explanation in Functional Morphology.D. Turner - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 31 (1):193-212.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads5 ( #595,687 of 2,164,293 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #348,039 of 2,164,293 )
How can I increase my downloads?