Invariance and Objectivity

Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1651-1667 (2010)

Abstract
Scientific knowledge should not only be true, it should be as objective as possible. It should refer to a reality independent of any subject. What can we use as a criterion of objectivity? Intersubjectivity (i.e., intersubjective understandability and intersubjective testability) is necessary, but not sufficient. Other criteria are: independence of reference system, independence of method, non-conventionality. Is there some common trait? Yes, there is: invariance under some specified transformations. Thus, we say: A proposition is objective only if its truth is invariant against a change in the conditions under which it was formulated. We give illustrations from geometry, perception, neurobiology, relativity theory, and quantum theory. Such an objectivist position has many advantages
Keywords Invariance  Objectivity  Intersubjectivity  Realism  Projective epistemology
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DOI 10.1007/s10701-010-9471-x
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References found in this work BETA

Objectivity.Lorraine Daston - 2007 - the Mit Press.
Experience and Prediction.Hans Reichenbach - 1938 - University of Chicago Press.
Relativity: The General Theory.J. L. Synge - 1960 - New York: Interscience Publishers.
Physical Reality.Max Born - 1953 - Philosophical Quarterly 3 (11):139-149.

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