Proofs for Eternity, Creation, and the Existence of God in Medieval Islamic and Jewish Philosophy

Oxford University Press (1987)
The central debate of natural theology among medieval Muslims and Jews concerned whether or not the world was eternal. Opinions divided sharply on this issue because the outcome bore directly on God's relationship with the world: eternity implies a deity bereft of will, while a world with a beginning leads to the contrasting picture of a deity possessed of will. In this exhaustive study of medieval Islamic and Jewish arguments for eternity, creation, and the existence of God, Herbert Davidson provides a systematic classification of the proofs, analyzes and explains them, and traces their sources in Greek philosophy. Throughout the study, Davidson tries to take into account every argument of a philosophical character, disregarding only those arguments that rest entirely on religious faith or which fall below a minimal level of plausibility.
Keywords God (Islam History of doctrines  God (Judaism History of doctrines  Philosophy, Medieval  Philosophy, Islamic  Philosophy, Jewish
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Call number B745.G63.D38 1987
ISBN(s) 0195049535  
DOI 10.2307/1399661
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Kara Richardson (2013). Avicenna's Conception of the Efficient Cause. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (2):220 - 239.

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