David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (2):153-159 (2000)
Eugen Bleuler, in 1911, renamed the group of mental disorders with poor prognosis which Emil Kraepel in had called ``dementia praecox'' ``group of schizophrenias'',because for him the splitting of personality was the main symptom.Biographical, scientific and methodological influences on Bleuler's concept of schizophrenia are shown with special reference to Kraepelin and Freud.Bleuler was a passionate and very experienced clinician. He lived with his patients, taking care of them and writing down his observations. Methodologically he was an empiricist and an eclecticist with a wide reading knowledge.In an impaired association of ideas, in disordered affectivity, in marked ambivalence and autism Bleuler saw the main symptoms of schizophrenia. For him these so-called pathological phenomena actually seemed to be only exaggerations of normal psychic functions. So there were only a quantitative, not a qualitative difference between schizophrenia and normal psychic processes and studies on schizophrenic ``pathology'' –seen as a disturbance, not as a disease – might analogously illustrate normal psychic reactions and vice versa.In etiology as well as in therapy Bleuler took into account psychological and (neuro)physiological(somatic) mechanisms – thus combining organicism and dynamic psychiatry and coming very close to modern concepts, e.g. the one of stress and vulnerability. Bleuler's main merit is the stressing of an idiographic ``understanding'' of the patient and a plausible and subtle explanation of schizophrenia which helped to reduce the alienation of the affected persons
|Keywords||affects ambivalence loosening of tension of associations autism analogy to normal psychic functions idiographic understanding|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Clarissa De Rosalmeida Dantas & Claudio E. M. Banzato (2010). Raising Awareness of Values in the Recognition of Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 3 (2):35-41.
Eugen Bleuler (1970). Autistic Undisciplined Thinking in Medicine and How to Overcome It. Darien, Conn.,Hafner Pub. Co..
Walter Massing (2004). Thalamus, a Theory of Everything? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):800-800.
Slava Sadovnikov (2007). Escape From Reason. Dialogue 46 (4):781-796.
E. Bacon, J. M. Danion, F. Kauffmann-Muller & A. Bruant (2001). Consciousness in Schizophrenia: A Metacognitive Approach to Semantic Memory. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):473-484.
Murray Alpert & Burt Angrist (2003). The Ketamine Model for Schizophrenia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):82-83.
Martin Brüne (2004). Understanding the Symptoms of “Schizophrenia” in Evolutionary Terms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):857-857.
Sanneke de Haan & Thomas Fuchs (2010). The Ghost in the Machine: Disembodiment in Schizophrenia - Two Case Studies. Psychopathology 43 (5):327-333.
Pieter R. Adriaens (2007). Evolutionary Psychiatry and the Schizophrenia Paradox: A Critique. Biology and Philosophy 22 (4):513-528.
Angela Woods (2011). The Sublime Object of Psychiatry: Schizophrenia in Clinical and Cultural Theory. Oxford University Press, Usa.
Stephen Grossberg (2003). Linking Brain to Mind in Normal Behavior and Schizophrenia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):90-90.
Michael A. Schwartz, Osborne P. Wiggins, Jean Naudin & Manfred Spitzer (2005). Rebuilding Reality: A Phenomenology of Aspects of Chronic Schizophrenia. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):91-115.
Mads Gram Henriksen (2013). On Incomprehensibility in Schizophrenia. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):105-129.
David R. Hemsley (2003). Schizophrenic Cognition: Taken Out of Context? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):91-91.
Added to index2010-08-31
Total downloads7 ( #179,216 of 1,096,602 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #265,702 of 1,096,602 )
How can I increase my downloads?