David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy of Science 67 (2):219-241 (2000)
This paper considers the implications for the relational-substantival debate of observations of parity nonconservation in weak interactions, a much neglected topic. It is argued that 'geometric proofs' of absolute space, first proposed by Kant (1768), fail, but that parity violating laws allow 'mechanical proofs', like Newton's laws. Parity violating laws are explained and arguments analogous to those of Newton's Scholium are constructed to show that they require absolute spacetime structure--namely, an orientation--as Newtonian mechanics requires affine structure. Finally, it is considered how standard relationist responses to Newton's argument might respond to the new challenge of parity nonconservation.
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Jan-Willem Romeyn (2005). Enantiomorphy and Time. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (2):167-190.
Graham Nerlich (2009). Incongruent Counterparts and the Reality of Space. Philosophy Compass 4 (3):598-613.
Rogério Passos Severo (2005). Three Remarks on the Interpretation of Kant on Incongruent Counterparts. Kantian Review 9 (1):30-57.
David John Baker (2012). “The Experience of Left and Right” Meets the Physics of Left and Right. Noûs 46 (3):483-498.
Simon Saunders (2007). Mirroring as an a Priori Symmetry. Philosophy of Science 74 (4):452-480.
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