David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Acta Biotheoretica 52 (3) (2004)
The concept of altruism is used in very different forms by computer scientists,economists, philosophers, social scientists, psychologists and biologists. Yet, in order to be useful in social simulations, the concept altruism requires a more precise meaning. A quantitative formulation is proposed here, based on the cost/benefit analysis of the altruist and of society at large. This formulation is applied in the analysis of the social dynamic working of behaviors that have been called altruistic punishments, using the agent based computer model Sociodynamica. The simulations suggest that altruistic punishment on its own cannot maintain altruistic behaviors. Altruistic behavior is sustainable in the long term only if these behaviors trigger synergetic forces in society that eventually make them produce benefits to most individuals. The simulations suggest however that altruistic punishment may work as a social investment , and is thus better called decentralized social punishment. This behavior is very efficient in enforcing social norms. The efficiency of decentralized social punishment in enforcing norms was dependent on the type of labor structured of the virtual society. I conclude that what is called altruistic punishment emerges as a type of social investment that can evolve either through individual and/or group selection, as a successful device for changing or enforcing norms in a society. Social simulations will help us in better understanding the underlying dynamic working of such devices.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Klaus Jaffe (2001). On the Relative Importance of Haplo-Diploidy, Assortative Mating and Social Synergy on the Evolutionary Emergence of Social Behavior. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (1).
Howard Rachlin (2002). Altruism and Selfishness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):239-250.
Jack Wilson (2002). The Accidental Altruist. Biology and Philosophy 17 (1):71-91.
Howard Rachlin (2002). Altruism is a Form of Self-Control. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):284-291.
C. Daniel Batson (1991). The Altruism Question: Toward a Social-Psychological Answer. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Nicolas Baumard (2010). Has Punishment Played a Role in the Evolution of Cooperation? A Critical Review. Mind and Society 9 (2):171-192.
Klein Rebekka A., The (Neuro-)Biology of Altruistic Punishment a Philosophical Investigation of a Concept of Human Social Behavior.
Yasha Rohwer (2007). Hierarchy Maintenance, Coalition Formation, and the Origins of Altruistic Punishment. Philosophy of Science 74 (5):802-812.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads4 ( #264,689 of 1,100,129 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #304,144 of 1,100,129 )
How can I increase my downloads?