An experimental examination of the effects of individual and situational factors on unethical behavioral intentions in the workplace
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Business Ethics 15 (5):511 - 523 (1996)
Using a 2×2×2 experimental design, the effects of situational and individual variables on individuals' intentions to act unethically were investigated. Specifically examined were three situational variables: (1) quality of the work experience (good versus poor), (2) peer influences (unethical versus ethical), and (3) managerial influences (unethical versus ethical), and three individual variables: (4) locus of control, (5) Machiavellianism, and (6) gender, on individuals' behavioral intentions in an ethically ambiguous dilemma in an work setting. Experiment 1 revealed main effects for quality of work experience, Machiavellianism, locus of control, and an interaction effect for peer influences and managerial influences. Experiment 2 showed main effects for all three situational variables and Machiavellianism. Neither experiment supported gender differences. Limitations, future research, and implications for management are discussed.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jo Ann Ho (2010). Ethical Perception: Are Differences Between Ethnic Groups Situation Dependent? Business Ethics 19 (2):154-182.
Rafik I. Beekun, Yvonne Stedham, James W. Westerman & Jeanne H. Yamamura (2010). Effects of Justice and Utilitarianism on Ethical Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Examination of Gender Similarities and Differences. Business Ethics 19 (4):309-325.
Thomas Li-Ping Tang & Hsi Liu (2012). Love of Money and Unethical Behavior Intention: Does an Authentic Supervisor's Personal Integrity and Character (ASPIRE) Make a Difference? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 107 (3):295-312.
Rafik I. Beekun & James W. Westerman (2012). Spirituality and National Culture as Antecedents to Ethical Decision-Making: A Comparison Between the United States and Norway. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (1):33-44.
Michael J. O'Fallon & Kenneth D. Butterfield (2012). The Influence of Unethical Peer Behavior on Observers' Unethical Behavior: A Social Cognitive Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 109 (2):117-131.
Similar books and articles
Ram Madapulli, Robyn Berkley, Thomas Douglas, George W. Watson & Yuping Zeng (2009). Are Past Normative Behaviors Predictive of Future Behavioral Intentions? Ethics and Behavior 19 (5):414-431.
Chieh-Peng Lin & Cherng G. Ding (2003). Modeling Information Ethics: The Joint Moderating Role of Locus of Control and Job Insecurity. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 48 (4):335-346.
Marc Street & Vera L. Street (2006). The Effects of Escalating Commitment on Ethical Decision-Making. Journal of Business Ethics 64 (4):343 - 356.
Brett A. Boyle (2000). The Impact of Customer Characteristics and Moral Philosophies on Ethicaljudgments of Salespeople. Journal of Business Ethics 23 (3):249 - 267.
Michelle C. Reiss & Kaushik Mitra (1998). The Effects of Individual Difference Factors on the Acceptability of Ethical and Unethical Workplace Behaviors. Journal of Business Ethics 17 (14):1581-1593.
Jennifer L. Kisamore, Thomas H. Stone & I. M. Jawahar (2007). Academic Integrity: The Relationship Between Individual and Situational Factors on Misconduct Contemplations. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 75 (4):381 - 394.
Bryan Church, James C. Gaa, S. M. Khalid Nainar & Mohamed M. Shehata (2005). Experimental Evidence Relating to the Person-Situation Interactionist Model of Ethical Decision Making. Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (3):363-383.
William T. Ross & Diana C. Robertson (2003). A Typology of Situational Factors: Impact on Salesperson Decision-Making About Ethical Issues. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 46 (3):213 - 234.
Tim Barnett & Cheryl Vaicys (2000). The Moderating Effect of Individuals' Perceptions of Ethical Work Climate on Ethical Judgments and Behavioral Intentions. Journal of Business Ethics 27 (4):351 - 362.
Gene Brown (1999). Individual Difference Variables, Ethical Judgments, and Ethical Behavioral Intentions. Business Ethics Quarterly 9 (2):183-206.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads13 ( #127,346 of 1,101,953 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #68,246 of 1,101,953 )
How can I increase my downloads?