David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Despite considerable evidence that neural activity in monkeys reflects various aspects of face perception, relatively little is known about monkeys’ face processing abilities. Two characteristics of face processing observed in humans are a subordinate-level entry point, here, the default recognition of faces at the subordinate, rather than basic, level of categorization, and holistic effects, i.e. perception of facial displays as an integrated whole. The present study used an adaptation paradigm to test whether untrained rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) display these hallmarks of face processing. In experiments 1 and 2, macaques showed greater rebound from adaptation to conspecific faces than to other animals at the individual or subordinate level. In experiment 3, exchanging only the bottom half of a monkey face produced greater rebound in aligned than in misaligned composites, indicating that for normal, aligned faces, the new bottom half may have influenced the perception of the whole face. Scan path analysis supported this assertion: during rebound, fixation to the unchanged eye region was renewed, but only for aligned stimuli. These experiments show that macaques naturally display the distinguishing characteristics of face processing seen in humans and provide the first clear demonstration that holistic information guides scan paths for conspecific faces.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Joost X. Maier, Multisensory Integration of Dynamic Faces and Voices in Rhesus Monkey Auditory Cortex.
Natalie A. Wyer, Douglas Martin, Tracey Pickup & C. Neil Macrae (2012). Individual Differences in (Non-Visual) Processing Style Predict the Face Inversion Effect. Cognitive Science 36 (2):373-384.
Elizabeth Spelke (2001). Recognition and Categorization of Biologically Significant Objects by Rhesus Monkeys (Macaca Mulatta): The Domain of Food. Cognition 82 (2):127-155.
T. N. Davies & D. D. Hoffman (2003). Facial Attention and Spacetime Fragments. Axiomathes 13 (3-4):303-327.
Shimon Edelman, Viewpoint Generalization in Face Recognition: The Role of Category-Speci C Processes.
Kristina Nielsen & Gregor Rainer, Neural Encoding of Species Dependent Face-Categories in the Macaque Temporal Cortex.
T. Montoute & G. Tiberghien (2001). Unconscious Familiarity and Local Context Effects on Low-Level Face Processing: A Reconstruction Hypothesis. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):503-523.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads23 ( #161,197 of 1,793,159 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #89,602 of 1,793,159 )
How can I increase my downloads?