David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (8):20-34 (2007)
Human brains exhibit complex dynamic behaviour measured by external recordings of electric (EEG) and magnetic fields (MEG). These data reveal synaptic field oscillations in neocortex at millisecond temporal and centimetre spatial scales. We suggest that the neural networks underlying behaviour and cognition may be viewed as embedded in these synaptic action fields, analogous to social networks embedded in a culture. These synaptic fields may facilitate the binding of disparate networks to produce a behaviour and consciousness that appears unified to external observers. EEG, MEG, anatomy, physiology, and complex physical systems are considered here to suggest fundamental physical and biological properties of human brains that may be required for human consciousness to occur. We do not claim that these tissue properties are necessarily causal; however, they appear to be strongly correlated with human consciousness. Emphasis is placed on the hierarchical structure of brains, non-local connections between distant cortical regions, and resonant interactions between networks. While several of these ideas are supported by both experimental data and mathematical theory, the mathematics is replaced by metaphor for this paper. One conjecture is that the schizophrenias and other diseases occur when neural networks fail to conform to global synaptic fields. Perhaps consciousness is a resonance phenomenon and only properly tuned brains can orchestrate the beautiful music of sentience.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
John L. Tienson (1987). Brains Are Not Conscious. Philosophical Papers 16 (November):187-93.
Nancy J. Woolf (1999). Dendritic Encoding: An Alternative to Temporal Synaptic Coding of Conscious Experience. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):447-454.
Attila Grandpierre (1997). The Physics of Collective Consciousness. World Futures 48 (1):23-56.
R. Bauer (2004). In Search of a Neural Signature of Consciousness: Facts, Hypotheses, and Proposals. Synthese 141 (2):233-45.
Colin Andrew (2000). Sensorimotor EEG Rhythms and Their Connection to Local/Global Neocortical Dynamic Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):399-400.
Stuart R. Hameroff (1998). More Neural Than Thou (Reply to Churchland). In S. Ameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness Ii: The 1996 Tucson Discussions and Debates. MIT Press
Gualtiero Piccinini (2008). Some Neural Networks Compute, Others Don't. Neural Networks 21 (2-3):311-321.
Paul L. Nunez (2000). Neocortical Dynamic Theory Should Be as Simple as Possible, but Not Simpler. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):415-432.
Paul L. Nunez (2000). Toward a Quantitative Description of Large-Scale Neocortical Dynamic Function and EEG. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):371-398.
Paul L. Nunez (2010). Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads10 ( #271,699 of 1,781,279 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #295,025 of 1,781,279 )
How can I increase my downloads?