David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1013-1025 (2005)
A number of recent biologists have used multi-level selection theory to help explain the major transitions in evolution. I argue that in doing so, they have shifted from a ‘synchronic’ to a ‘diachronic’ formulation of the levels of selection question. The implications of this shift in perspective are explored, in relation to an ambiguity in the meaning of multi-level selection. Though the ambiguity is well-known, it has never before been discussed in the context of the major transitions.
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Citations of this work BETA
Samir Okasha (2009). Individuals, Groups, Fitness and Utility: Multi-Level Selection Meets Social Choice Theory. Biology and Philosophy 24 (5):561-584.
Abraham H. Gibson (2013). Edward O. Wilson and the Organicist Tradition. Journal of the History of Biology 46 (4):599-630.
Paul E. Smaldino (2014). The Cultural Evolution of Emergent Group-Level Traits. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):243-254.
Leonore Fleming & Robert Brandon (2015). Why Flying Dogs Are Rare: A General Theory of Luck in Evolutionary Transitions. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 49:24-31.
Geoffrey M. Hodgson & Thorbjørn Knudsen (2011). Generalized Darwinism and Evolutionary Economics: From Ontology to Theory. Biological Theory 6 (4):326-337.
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