David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Dissertation, Warwick (2001)
The aim of this thesis is to consider the relationship between philosophy and biography, and the bearing that this relationship has on debates concerning the nature and function of philosophy. There exists a certain tradition that conceives philosophy exclusively in terms of rational discourse and as such explicitly rejects the idea of any substantial relationship between philosophy and the way in which one lives. I shall argue that the claim that philosophy cannot have any impact upon biography is often based upon an implicit conception of philosophy as primarily rational discourse. In contrast to this I shall draw upon Socratic and Stoic philosophical resources in order to reconstruct an alternative conception of philosophy as an art concerned with one's way of life. Central to this conception will be the relationship between philosophical discourse or argument and philosophical training or exercise. I shall argue that the ancient claim that philosophy is primarily expressed in one's behaviour presupposes a conception of philosophy as an art that involves both rational discourse and training or exercise as two equally important components. I shall argue that by adopting this alternative conception of philosophy as a techne it will be possible to understand properly the relationship between philosophy and biography. In Part One I shall outline the ancient idea that philosophy is something expressed in one's life, the Socratic conception of philosophy as an art, the Stoic development of this conception into an art of living, and some ancient objections to this Stoic conception. In Part Two I shall examine the relationship between philosophical discourse and exercises in Stoic philosophy, focusing upon the neglected concept of philosophical askesis. Central to this will be the literary form of such exercises and so I shall focus upon two texts (by Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius) concerned with philosophical exercises
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
John Sellars (2003). The Art of Living: The Stoics on the Nature and Function of Philosophy. Ashgate.
Donald Robertson (2010). The Philosophy of Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (Cbt): Stoic Philosophy as Rational and Cognitive Psychotherapy. Karnac.
Nancy Sherman (2005). Stoic Warriors: The Ancient Philosophy Behind the Military Mind. Oxford University Press.
Christopher Gill (2006/2009). The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought. Oxford University Press.
Paul Needham (2006). Substance and Modality. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):829-840.
A. A. Long (2002). Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life. Oxford University Press.
Susanne Bobzien (1997). Stoic Conceptions of Freedom and Their Relation to Ethics. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 41 (S68):71-89.
Csaba Olay (2008). Gadamers Hermeneutische Kunstauffassung. Estetika 45 (2):129-155.
Katherine Anne Willyard, Heidegger, Art and Politics: Exploring the Notion of Truth That Can Be Revealed Through a Work of Art in Relation to the Political Sphere.
Timo Koistinen (2011). D. Z. Phillips' Contemplative Conception of Philosophy. Neue Zeitschrift Für Systematische Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 53 (3):333-356.
Marcus G. Singer (2000). Mill's Stoic Conception of Happiness and Pragmatic Conception of Utility. Philosophy 75 (1):25-47.
John M. Rist (1969). Stoic Philosophy. London, Cambridge U.P..
A. L. Cothey (1990). The Nature of Art. Routledge.
Added to index2012-12-07
Total downloads8 ( #187,207 of 1,413,284 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #51,946 of 1,413,284 )
How can I increase my downloads?