Argumentative Adversariality, Contrastive Reasons, and the Winners-and-Losers Problem

Topoi 40 (5):837-844 (2021)
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This essay has two connected theses. First, that given the contrastivity of reasons, a form of dialectical adversariality of argument follows. This dialectical adversariality accounts for a broad variety of both argumentative virtues and vices. Second, in light of this contrastivist view of reasons, the primary objection to argumentative adversarialism, the winners-and-losers problem, can be answered.



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Scott Aikin
Vanderbilt University

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Mortal Questions.Thomas Nagel - 1983 - Religious Studies 19 (1):96-99.
From contextualism to contrastivism.Jonathan Schaffer - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 119 (1-2):73-104.
``The Case Against Closure".Fred I. Dretske - 2005 - In M. Steup & Earnest Sosa (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Malden, Ma: Blackwell. pp. 13--25.

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