Philosophical Studies 167 (2):485-495 (2014)

Authors
Claudia Bianchi
Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele (Milan)
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to evaluate which context determines the illocutionary force of written or recorded utterances—those involved in written texts, films and images, conceived as recordings that can be seen or heard in different occasions. More precisely, my paper deals with the “metaphysical” or constitutive role of context—as opposed to its epistemic or evidential role: my goal is to determine which context is semantically relevant in order to fix the illocutionary force of a speech act, as distinct from the information the addressee uses to ascertain the semantically relevant context. In particular I will try to assess two different perspectives on this problem, a Conventionalist Perspective and an Intentionalist Perspective. Drawing on the literature on indexicals in written texts and recorded messages, I will argue in favor of the Intentionalist Perspective: the relevant context is the one intended by the speaker. Bringing intentions into the picture, however, requires qualification; in particular, I will distinguish my Weak Intentionalist proposal from a Strong Intentionalist one. I will show that the Weak Intentionalist Perspective is flexible enough to deal with cases of delayed communication, but not so unrestricted as to yield counter-intuitive consequences
Keywords Speech acts  Indexicals  Illocutionary force  Context  Recordings  Intentionalism
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Reprint years 2014
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DOI 10.1007/s11098-013-0111-0
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References found in this work BETA

Thought and Reference.Kent Bach - 1987 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Intention and Convention in Speech Acts.Peter F. Strawson - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (4):439-460.
Thought and Reference.Bernard W. Kobes - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (3):469.
Putting Humpty Dumpty Together Again.Keith S. Donnellan - 1968 - Philosophical Review 77 (2):203-215.

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Citations of this work BETA

Three Kinds of Intention in Lawmaking.Marcin Matczak - 2017 - Law and Philosophy 36 (6):651-674.

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