Feature Biases in Early Word Learning: Network Distinctiveness Predicts Age of Acquisition

Cognitive Science 41 (S1):120-140 (2017)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Do properties of a word's features influence the order of its acquisition in early word learning? Combining the principles of mutual exclusivity and shape bias, the present work takes a network analysis approach to understanding how feature distinctiveness predicts the order of early word learning. Distance networks were built from nouns with edge lengths computed using various distance measures. Feature distinctiveness was computed as a distance measure, showing how far an object in a network is from other objects based on shared and non‐shared features. Feature distinctiveness predicted order of acquisition across all measures: Words that were further away from other words in the network space were learned earlier. The best distance measures were based only on non‐shared features (object dissimilarity) and did not include shared features (object similarity). This indicates that shared features may play less of a role in early word learning than non‐shared features. In addition, the strongest effects were found for visual form and surface features. Cluster analysis further revealed that this effect is a localized effect in the object feature space, where objects' distances from their cluster centroid were inversely correlated with their age of acquisition. Together, these results suggest a role for feature distinctiveness in early word learning.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,283

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

語彙学習エージェントにおけるバイアスの自律調整について.田口 亮 篠原 修二 - 2007 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 22 (2):103-114.
Word extension: A key to early word learning and domain-specificity.Sandra R. Waxman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1121-1122.
The Role of Novelty in Early Word Learning.Emily Mather & Kim Plunkett - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (7):1157-1177.

Analytics

Added to PP
2023-09-13

Downloads
3 (#1,716,188)

6 months
2 (#1,206,195)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?