Experience and Completeness in Physical Knowledge: Variations on a Kantian Theme


Authors
Abstract
When philosophers of science relate Kant‘s theory of nature to modern physics, they neglect the critical parts of the Critique of Pure Reason. My paper focuses on the way in which Kant wanted to demonstrate the limitations of physical knowledge by means of the cosmological antinomy. According to Kant, cosmology gives rise to four variations of one-and-the-same antinomy of pure reason. He wanted to show that any attempt to complete our spatio-temporal or dynamical knowledge of the world is based on a self-contradictory world view. Obviously he criticized the cosmological debates of his day whose topics are obsolete in our days. However, his doctrine of the antinomy of pure reason has a rationale which concerns the foundations of physics in Kant’s day as well as in ours. After giving a sketch of the subjects and of the structure of Kant’s antinomy, I present four variations on the theme "experience and completeness in physical theory" from a modern point of view. The fourth variation will indeed yield a conflict between the claims of completeness and the finite conditions of possible experience within physics which captures the rationale of Kant’s antinomy. Finally, I try to point out briefly how this rationale relates to Kant’s distinction of phenomena and noumena, and how this distinction can be re-interpreted in the context of modern physics. Indeed Niels Bohr made a similar distinction when he developed the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 58,425
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Transcendental Philosophy and Quantum Theory.Patricia Kauark-Leite - 2010 - Manuscrito – Rev. Int. Fil 33 (1):243-267.
Kant on the theory of cognitive God said what?Harald Schondorf & Hsueh-chu - 2004 - Philosophy and Culture 31 (2):77-90.
Unlocking the Second Antinomy: Kant and Wolff.Michael Radner - 1998 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 36 (3):413-441.
Kant's Duplication Problem.Moltke S. Gram - 1980 - Dialectica 34 (1):17-59.
Kant Über Die Teilbarkeit der Materie.Wolfgang Malzkorn - 1998 - Kant-Studien 89 (4):385-409.
Critique of Pure Reason.Immanuel Kant - 1991 - In Elizabeth Schmidt Radcliffe, Richard McCarty, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.), Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. Blackwell. pp. 449-451.
Kant and the Problem of Experience.Hannah Ginsborg - 2006 - Philosophical Topics 34 (1/2):59-106.
La Lógica de la razón pura.Isidoro Reguera - 1981 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 2:69.
Experience and Infinity in Kant and Husserl.László Tengelyi - 2005 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 67 (3):479-500.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2015-02-06

Total views
2 ( #1,378,955 of 2,420,821 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #543,487 of 2,420,821 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes