Evolving Null hypotheses and the base rate fallacy: A functional interpretation of scientific myth

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):776-777 (1997)
Abstract
The meaning of an experimental result depends on the experiment's conceptual backdrop, particularly its null hypothesis. This observation provides the basis for a functional interpretation of belief in the base rate fallacy. On this interpretation, if the base rate fallacy is to be labelled a “myth,” then it should be recognized that this label is not necessarily a disparaging one.
Keywords scientific myth  functional myth  judgment fallacy  base rate  epistimology
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DOI 10.1017/S0140525X97241646
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