Evolving Null hypotheses and the base rate fallacy: A functional interpretation of scientific myth

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):776-777 (1997)

Authors
Brian J. Gibbs
University of Melbourne
Abstract
The meaning of an experimental result depends on the experiment's conceptual backdrop, particularly its null hypothesis. This observation provides the basis for a functional interpretation of belief in the base rate fallacy. On this interpretation, if the base rate fallacy is to be labelled a “myth,” then it should be recognized that this label is not necessarily a disparaging one.
Keywords scientific myth  functional myth  judgment fallacy  base rate  epistimology
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DOI 10.1017/s0140525x97241646
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