The Development of Human Expertise in a Complex Environment

Minds and Machines 21 (3):449-464 (2011)
We introduce an innovative technique that quantifies human expertise development in such a way that humans and artificial systems can be directly compared. Using this technique we are able to highlight certain fundamental difficulties associated with the learning of a complex task that humans are still exceptionally better at than their computer counterparts. We demonstrate that expertise goes through significant developmental transitions that have previously been predicted but never explicated. The first signals the onset of a steady increase in global awareness that begins surprisingly late in expertise acquisition. The second transition, reached by only a very few experts in the world, shows a major reorganisation of global contextual knowledge resulting in a relatively minor gain in skill. We are able to show that these empirical findings have consequences for our understanding of the way in which expertise acquisition may be modelled by learning in artificial intelligence systems. This point is emphasised with a novel theoretical result showing explicitly how our findings imply a non-trivial hurdle for learning for suitably complex tasks
Keywords Expertise  Information theory  Games  Decision theory
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11023-011-9247-x
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
Edit this record
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Mark as duplicate
Request removal from index
Revision history
Download options
Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 31,836
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
A Mathematical Theory of Communication.Claude Shannon - 1948 - Bell System Technical Journal 27:379–423.
Progress in Machine Consciousness.D. Gamez - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):887-910.
The Structure of Ill-Structured Problems.Herbert A. Simon - 1973 - Artificial Intelligence 4:181--201.

View all 6 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
What is an Expert?Bruce D. Weinstein - 1993 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (1).
The Possibility of Ethical Expertise.Bruce D. Weinstein - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (1):1-187.
Authenticating Expertise.Jason Borenstein - 2002 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (1):85-102.
The Expertise of Human Beings and Depression.Michael J. Hyde - 2011 - Social Epistemology 25 (3):263 - 274.
Linguistic Competence and Expertise.Mark Addis - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):327-336.
Levels of Immersion, Tacit Knowledge and Expertise.Rodrigo Ribeiro - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):367-397.
Added to PP index

Total downloads
36 ( #162,690 of 2,231,650 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #446,025 of 2,231,650 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature