Health Care Analysis 24 (4):393-406 (2016)

Authors
Anthony Wrigley
Keele University
Abstract
We argue that the way in which the concept of expertise is understood and invoked has prevented progress in the debate as to whether moral philosophers can be said to be ‘moral experts’. We offer an account of expertise that draws on the role of tacit knowledge in order to provide a basis upon which the debate can progress. Our analysis consists of three parts. In the first part we highlight two specific problems in the way that the concept of expertise has been invoked in the moral expertise debate, namely the understanding of expertise as an exclusive concept and the conflation of expertise with the idea of ‘authority’. In the second part we suggest an alternative way of approaching the concept of expertise. This is based on Collins and Evans’ sociological theory of expertises. This theory provides a valuable analytical framework for thinking about claims to expertise and for drawing the kinds of distinctions which allow for different kinds of moral expertises and competencies. In the final part, we show how the application of this theory helps to avoid some of the problematic conclusions which theorists have arrived at to date and provides a common platform for debate. Ultimately, it permits the argument to be made that moral philosophers could be considered specialist members of an expert community of moral decision-makers.
Keywords Moral expertise  Bioethics  Moral philosophers  Laypersons  Sociology of expertise  Tacit knowledge
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DOI 10.1007/s10728-014-0282-7
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References found in this work BETA

Rethinking Expertise.H. M. Collins & Robert Evans - 2007 - University of Chicago Press.
A New Rejection of Moral Expertise.Christopher Cowley - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (3):273-279.
Are Moral Philosophers Moral Experts?Bernward Gesang - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (4):153-159.
Moral Experts.Peter Singer - 1972 - Analysis 32 (4):115 - 117.

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Citations of this work BETA

Why Not Road Ethics?Meshi Ori - 2020 - Theoria 86 (3):389-412.

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