Journal of Business Ethics 21 (1):77 - 94 (1999)

Abstract
Whistleblowing has been defined often and in differing ways in the literature. This paper has as its main purposes to clarify the meaning of whistleblowing and to speak for a narrow interpretation of it. A restrictive, general purpose definition is provided which contains six necessary elements: act of disclosure, actor, disclosure subject, target, disclosure recipient, and outcome.Whistleblowing is characterised as a dissenting act of public accusation against an organisation which necessitates being disloyal to that organisation. The definition differs from others in many ways but especially by its emphasis on dissent, by being based on the ethical dilemma of conflicting loyalties, and by the strict way that dilemma is formulated in terms of confidentiality and proprietary rights over information. These features result in a definition in which motive has no part, and which requires a free choice decision to make disclosure to an external party.
Keywords Philosophy   Ethics   Business Education   Economic Growth   Management
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Reprint years 2004
DOI 10.1023/A:1005922701763
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References found in this work BETA

Business Ethics: A Philosophical Reader.Thomas I. White - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 23 (4):423-424.
Can Whistleblowing Be FULLY Legitimated?: A Theoretical Discussion.Natalie Dandekar - 1991 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 10 (1):89-108.
Whistleblowing and the Internal Auditor.Andrew Chambers - 1995 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 4 (4):192–198.
Whistleblowing and the Internal Auditor.Andrew Chambers - 1995 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 4 (4):192-198.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Ethics of Government Whistleblowing.Candice Delmas - 2015 - Social Theory and Practice 41 (1):77-105.

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