Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (3):371-386 (2020)

Authors
Elselijn Kingma
University of Southampton
Abstract
When did we begin to exist? Barry Smith and Berit Brogaard argue that a new human organism comes into existence neither earlier nor later than the moment of gastrulation: 16 days after conception. Several critics have responded that the onset of the organism must happen earlier; closer to conception. This article makes a radically different claim: if we accept Smith and Brogaard’s ontological commitments, then human organisms start, on average, roughly nine months after conception. The main point of contention is whether the fetus is or is not part of the maternal organism. Smith and Brogaard argue that it is not; I demonstrate that it is. This claim in combination with Smith and Brogaard’s own criteria commits to the view that human organisms begin, precisely, at birth.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1093/jmp/jhaa005
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 55,856
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Were You a Part of Your Mother?Elselijn Kingma - 2019 - Mind 128 (511):609-646.
Sixteen Days.Barry Smith & Berit Brogaard - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (1):45 – 78.
Lady Parts: The Metaphysics of Pregnancy.Elselijn Kingma - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 82:165-187.
The Niche.Barry Smith & Achille C. Varzi - 1999 - Noûs 33 (2):214-238.
Substance Ontology Cannot Determine the Moral Status of Embryos.J. Morris - 2012 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (4):331-350.

View all 12 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Bioethics in the Ruins.Allen Porter - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (3):259-276.
I, Me, Mine: Body-Ownership and the Generation Problem.Fiona Woollard - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (98):87-108.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Lady Parts: The Metaphysics of Pregnancy.Elselijn Kingma - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 82:165-187.
Sixteen Days.Barry Smith & Berit Brogaard - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (1):45 – 78.
The Meaning of Life.Barry Smith & Berit Brogaard - 2000 - Mcmaster, Reservation X:31--40.
The Metaphysics of Brain Death.Jeff McMahan - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (2):91–126.
Were You a Part of Your Mother?Elselijn Kingma - 2019 - Mind 128 (511):609-646.
Précis.Berit Brogaard - 2013 - Disputatio 5 (37):311-314.
Fitness and Propensity’s Annulment?Marshall Abrams - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (1):115-130.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2020-05-22

Total views
14 ( #675,904 of 2,401,758 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
7 ( #105,055 of 2,401,758 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes