Year:

  1.  2
    A Potential Tension in DSM-5: The General Definition of Mental Disorder Versus Some Specific Diagnostic Criteria.M. Cristina Amoretti & Elisabetta Lalumera - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (1):85-108.
    The general concept of mental disorder specified in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is definitional in character: a mental disorder might be identified with a harmful dysfunction. The manual also contains the explicit claim that each individual mental disorder should meet the requirements posed by the definition. The aim of this article is two-fold. First, we shall analyze the definition of the superordinate concept of mental disorder to better understand what necessary criteria actually (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  2
    Continuous Deep Sedation and Euthanasia in Pediatrics: Does One Really Exclude the Other for Terminally Ill Patients?Domnita O. Badarau, Eva De Clercq & Bernice S. Elger - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (1):50-70.
    Debates on morally acceptable and lawful end-of-life practices in pediatrics were reignited by the recent amendment in Belgian law to allow euthanasia for minors of any age who meet the criteria for capacity. Euthanasia and its legalization in pediatrics are often opposed based on the availability of aggressive palliative sedation. For terminally ill patients, this type of sedation is often identified as continuous and deep sedation until death. We demonstrate that this reasoning is based on flawed assumptions: CDS is a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  1
    Myth or Magic? Towards a Revised Theory of Informed Consent in Medical Research.Bert Heinrichs - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (1):33-49.
    Although the principle of informed consent is well established and its importance widely acknowledged, it has met with criticism for decades. Doubts have been raised for a number of different reasons. In particular, empirical data show that people regularly fail to reproduce the information provided to them. Many critics agree, therefore, that the received concept of informed consent is no more than a myth. Strategies to overcome this problem often rest on a flawed concept of informed consent. In this paper, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  2
    Critical Reflections on Conventional Concepts and Beliefs in Bioethics.J. Clint Parker - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (1):1-9.
    An important role of the philosopher is to critically reflect on what is often taken for granted, using the tools of argument and analysis. This article engages with six different papers that offer critical reflections on conventional concepts and beliefs in bioethics regarding informed consent, continuous deep sedation, traditional moral theories underlying bioethical thinking, the definition of mental disease, and codes of ethics for particular medical specialties.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  2
    The Ethical Principles of the Portuguese Psychologists: An Empirical Approach.Miguel Ricou, Eduardo Sá & Rui Nunes - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (1):109-131.
    One thousand four-hundred thirty Portuguese psychologists answered a questionnaire that had been designed in order to ascertain the level of acceptability of a set of proposed ethical principles, which subsequently served as a basis for the Portuguese Psychologists’ Ethics Code. On the one hand, the results show that, as expected, the ethical principles rated high on the evaluation scale. On the other hand, the results also highlighted the need for a formal regulation of the practice of psychology in Portugal, especially (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  1
    Why Prohibiting Donor Compensation Can Prevent Plasma Donors From Giving Their Informed Consent to Donate.James Stacey Taylor - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (1):10-32.
    In recent years, there has been a considerable increase in the degree of philosophical attention devoted to the question of the morality of offering financial compensation in an attempt to increase the medical supply of human body parts and products, such as plasma. This paper will argue not only that donor compensation is ethically acceptable, but that plasma donors should not be prohibited from being offered compensation if they are to give their informed consent to donate. Regulatory regimes that prohibit (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  3
    Dialogic Consensus in Medicine—A Justification Claim.Paul Walker & Terence Lovat - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (1):71-84.
    The historical emphasis of medical ethics, based on substantive frameworks and principles derived from them, is no longer seen as sufficiently sensitive to the moral pluralism characteristic of our current era. We argue that moral decision-making in clinical situations is more properly derived from a process of dialogic consensus. This process entails an inclusive, noncoercive, and self-reflective dialogue within the community affected. In order to justify this approach, we make two claims—the first epistemic, and the second normative. The epistemic claim (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues