Review of International Studies (Firstview Online) 40 (1):53-76 (2014)
AbstractThe principle of non-combatant immunity protects non-combatants against intentional attacks in war. It is the most widely endorsed and deeply held moral constraint on the conduct of war. And yet it is difficult to justify. Recent developments in just war theory have undermined the canonical argument in its favour – Michael Walzer's, in Just and Unjust Wars. Some now deny that non-combatant immunity has principled foundations, arguing instead that it is entirely explained by a different principle: that of necessity. In war, as in ordinary life, harms to others can be justified only if they are necessary. Attacking non-combatants, the argument goes, is never necessary, so never justified. Although often repeated, this argument has never been explored in depth. In this article, I evaluate the necessity-based argument for non-combatant immunity, drawing together theoretical analysis and empirical research on anti-civilian tactics in interstate warfare, counterinsurgency, and terrorism.
Similar books and articles
Nonlethal Weapons, Noncombatant Immunity, and Combatant Nonimmunity: A Study of Just War Theory. [REVIEW]John W. Lango - 2010 - Philosophia 38 (3):475-497.
Temporal indiscriminateness: The case of cluster bombs.T. A. Cavanaugh - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):135-145.
Self-Defence and the Principle of Non-Combatant Immunity.Helen Frowe - 2011 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (4):530-546.
Just War Theory, Political Liberalism, and Non-Combatant Immunity.Leonard Kahn - 2010 - Theoretical and Applied Ethics.
Nonlethal Weapons and Noncombatant Immunity: Is it Permissible to Target Noncombatants?Chris Mayer - 2007 - Journal of Military Ethics 6 (3):221-231.
The guerrilla strikes back: a comment on Yvonne Chiu.Uwe Steinhoff - 2011 - Diametros 30:61-75.
''Non-combatant Immunity''.Zachary Hoskins - 2011 - In Dean K. Chatterjee (ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Justice. Springer.
The Ethics of Terror Bombing: Beyond Supreme Emergency.Alex J. Bellamy - 2008 - Journal of Military Ethics 7 (1):41-65.
Has conduct in iraq confirmed the moral inadequacy of international humanitarian law? Examining the confluence between contract theory and the scope of civilian immunity.Samuel V. Jones - manuscript
The Morality and Law of War.Seth Lazar - 2012 - In Andrei Marmor (ed.), Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Law. New York, NY, USA: Routledge. pp. 364-379.
Noncombatant Immunity in Asymmetrical Warfare.Evan Feinauer & Nir Eisikovits - 2012 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (2):165-180.
Michael Walzer's just war theory: Some issues of responsibility. [REVIEW]Igor Primoratz - 2002 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (2):221-243.
Some Reflections upon the Supposed Moral Distinction between Terrorism and the Legitimate Use of Military Force.Simon Glynn - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1:207-211.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
References found in this work
Innocence, self-defense and killing in war.Jeff McMahan - 1994 - Journal of Political Philosophy 2 (3):193–221.
Who is Morally Liable to be Killed in War. [REVIEW]J. McMahan - 2011 - Analysis 71 (3):544-559.
Innocence, Self‐Defense and Killing in War.Jeff McMahan - 1994 - Journal of Political Philosophy 2 (3):193-221.
Innocence and Responsibility in War.Lionel K. McPherson - 2004 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 34 (4):485-506.