Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (2):238 - 250 (2009)

Xin Yu
University of Birmingham
Human beings' moral life can be divided into two forms, one based on moral instincts and the other on moral judgments. The former is carried on without deliberation, while the latter relies upon valuations and judgments. The two can ultimately be viewed as man's innate moral nature and acquired moral conventions. Theoretically, preference for the former will lead to naturalism and for the latter to culturalism, but this is the reality of man's moral life. Moreover, there may be a parallel relation between the moral structure of human life and the grammatical structure of human language. /// 人类道德生活形式可以大致分为两种:一种是出自道德本能的,一种是出自 道德判断的。前者是不假思索的,后者是依据评价判断的。它们最终可以归结为人 类的先天道德本性和后天道德约定。在理论上,对前者的偏好会导向自然主义,对 后者的偏好会导向文化主义。但这是人类道德生活的现实。此外,在人类生活的道 德结构与人类语言的句法结构之间,很可能存在着一种平行的关系。.
Keywords origin of moral consciousness   moral convention   moral nature
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The Theory of Moral Sentiments.Adam Smith - 1759 - Dover Publications.
A Treatise of Human Nature.David Hume & A. D. Lindsay - 1958 - Philosophical Quarterly 8 (33):379-380.
Syntactic Structures.J. F. Staal - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):245-251.

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