Qu’est-ce qu’être humain? Heidegger et Arendt autour de la praxis aristotélicienne

Philosophiques 45 (1):109-142 (2018)

Authors
Antoine Pageau St-Hilaire
University of Chicago
Abstract
Cet article cherche à montrer comment les réappropriations heideggérienne et arendtienne de la pensée d’Aristote s’articulent autour d’un travail de réinterprétation de la double définition de l’être humain comme être pratique, soit comme zôon logon echon et zôon politikon. Nous soutenons qu’en revisitant les notions qui composent et circonscrivent cette définition — celles de vie, de logos, de production, d’action et de contemplation, Heidegger et Arendt caractérisent le propre de l’homme en exploitant deux virtualités distinctes contenues à même l’ambivalent concept aristotélicien de praxis. Toutefois, en rendant floue la distinction entre l’activité et le mouvement, ils exposent leur rejet de la theôria à deux difficultés — l’une concernant le caractère praxique de la theôria, l’autre concernant sa temporalité. This paper aims to show how Heidegger and Arendt’s reappropriations of Aristotle’s thought are structured around a reinterpretation of the double definition of man as a practical being, that is, as zôon logon echon and zôon politikon. I argue that by interpreting the notions that compose and circumscribe this definition — those of life, logos, production, action and contemplation, Heidegger and Arendt find the main characteristic of human beings by developing upon two distinct possibilities contained in the ambivalent Aristotelian concept of praxis. However, they both blur the distinction between activity and motion, which expose their critique of theôria to two difficulties — one concerning the praxical character of theôria, the other its temporality.
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DOI 10.7202/1048617ar
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References found in this work BETA

Heidegger’s Destruction of Phronesis.Robert Bernasconi - 1990 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 28 (Supplement):127-147.
The Ontological Reappropriation of Phronēsis.Christopher P. Long - 2002 - Continental Philosophy Review 35 (1):35-60.

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Être - autrement plus - humain.Hadrien France-Lanord - 2007 - Heidegger Studies 23:21-46.
Arendt, Heidegger, and the Tradition.Dana Villa - 2007 - Social Research 74:983-1002.

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