Memory systems do not divide on consciousness: Reinterpreting memory in terms of activation and binding

Psychological Bulletin 135 (1) (2009)

Abstract
There is a popular hypothesis that performance on implicit and explicit memory tasks reflects 2 distinct memory systems. Explicit memory is said to store those experiences that can be consciously recollected, and implicit memory is said to store experiences and affect subsequent behavior but to be unavailable to conscious awareness. Although this division based on awareness is a useful taxonomy for memory tasks, the authors review the evidence that the unconscious character of implicit memory does not necessitate that it be treated as a separate system of human memory. They also argue that some implicit and explicit memory tasks share the same memory representations and that the important distinction is whether the task (implicit or explicit) requires the formation of a new association. The authors review and critique dissociations from the behavioral, amnesia, and neuroimaging literatures that have been advanced in support of separate explicit and implicit memory systems by highlighting contradictory evidence and by illustrating how the data can be accounted for using a simple computational memory model that assumes the same memory representation for those disparate tasks.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 39,626
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Know-How, Intellectualism, and Memory Systems.Felipe De Brigard - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology.
Can Cognitive Neuroscience Ground a Science of Learning?Anthony E. Kelly - 2011 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (1):17-23.

View all 6 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Consciousness, Self‐Consciousness and Episodic Memory.Rocco J. Gennaro - 1992 - Philosophical Psychology 5 (4):333-47.
More Than Working Memory Rides on Long-Term Memory.Joaquín M. Fuster - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):737-737.
Memory Systems of 1999.Daniel L. Schacter, Anthony D. Wagner & Randy L. Buckner - 2000 - In Tulving Endel & Craik Fergus I. M. (eds.), The Oxford handbook of memory. Oxford University Press.
Varieties of Procedural Accounts of Working Memory Retention Systems.Nelson Cowan - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):731-732.
Consciousness and Memory.Penelope Rowlatt - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (5):68-78.
Episodic Memory and Autonoetic Consciousness: A First-Person Approach.John M. Gardiner - 2002 - In Alan Baddeley, John P. Aggleton & Martin A. Conway (eds.), Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research. Oxford University Press. pp. 11-30.
Memory and Materiality.Katrina Schlunke - 2013 - Memory Studies 6:253-261.
Is Memory a Natural Kind?Kourken Michaelian - 2011 - Memory Studies 4 (2):170-189.
Husserl on Memory.John B. Brough - 1975 - The Monist 59 (1):40-62.
Multiple Memory Systems: What and Why.Lynn Nadel - 1992 - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 4:179-188.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-11-01

Total views
11 ( #615,924 of 2,325,929 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #531,536 of 2,325,929 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature