Newton's views on space, time, and motion

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2008)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Isaac Newton founded classical mechanics on the view that space is something distinct from body and that time is something that passes uniformly without regard to whatever happens in the world. For this reason he spoke of absolute space and absolute time, so as to distinguish these entities from the various ways by which we measure them (which he called relative spaces and relative times). From antiquity into the eighteenth century, contrary views which denied that space and time are real entities maintained that the world is necessarily a material plenum. Concerning space, they held that the idea of empty space is a conceptual impossibility. Space is nothing but an abstraction we use to compare different arrangements of the bodies constituting the plenum. Concerning time, they insisted, there can be no lapse of time without change occurring somewhere. Time is merely a measure of the cycles of change within the world

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,466

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Why the Parts of Absolute Space Are Immobile.Nick Huggett - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):391-407.
Leibniz on Force and Absolute Motion.John T. Roberts - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (3):553-573.
Newton’s Conceptual Argument for Absolute Space.Ori Belkind - 2007 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (3):271 – 293.
Identity, Space-Time, and Cosmology.Jan Faye - 2008 - In Dennis Dieks (ed.), The Ontology of Space-Time II. Amsterdam: Elsevier. pp. 39-57.
Space and Relativity in Newton and Leibniz.Richard Arthur - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (1):219-240.
Concepts of Space: The History of Theories of Space in Physics.Max Jammer - 1954 - Cambridge: Mass., Harvard University Press.

Analytics

Added to PP
2009-01-28

Downloads
172 (#72,359)

6 months
5 (#143,864)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Robert Rynasiewicz
Johns Hopkins University

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references